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Short Sketch of the Life of the Latter. 

BY ALBERT G. UPHAM, a. m., m. d. 










The following genealogical researches relate chiefly to 
persons of the name of Upham, who have lived in this 
country. It is very desirable, however, that the history of 
their ancestors, who resided in the mother country, should 
be investigated. During a brief sojourn in England, in 
1844, I became satisfied that, with sufficient leisure for the 
purpose, much information could be obtained in relation to 
this point, especially by examining the documents deposited 
in the Prerogative Office. But an absence of nearly two 
years on the continent rendered it necessary for me to cur- 
tail my visit to that country, and thus prevented me from 
instituting the requisite inquiries. 

My thanks are due to the Rev. L. R. Paige, of Cambridge- 
Port, and to Mr. Wyman, of Charlestown, for the assistance 
rendered me in prosecuting my researches in relation to 
the family history. As this work was intended merely for 
private distribution, only a few copies were printed. Some 
of these have been left in the hands of Mr. Drake, of whom 
they may be obtained, by calling at his Antiquarian Book- 
Store, No. 56, Cornhill, Boston. 

A. G. Upham, 

Boston, October 22, 1845. 


Under this general title, two distinct questions are to be 
considered — 1. The origin of the name Upham as a sur- 
name. 2. As a local name. 

There is a period, comparatively late in history, previous 
to which it would be futile to seek for the origin of the 
surnames of Saxon or Norman families. Du Chesne ob- 
serves, " that surnames were unknown in France before 
987, when the lords began to assume the names of their 
demesnes." Camden relates, " that they were first taken 
up in England a little before the Norman conquest, under 
king Edward the Confessor," (i. e. 1060) ; but, he adds, 
" they were never fully established among the common 
people till the time of Edward ii.," (i. e. 1307 to 1377.) 
Encyclop. Brit., Art. Surname. 

Our researches, then, on this subject will naturally be 
limited to the period included between the dates of 1000 
and 1350. 

The first mention of Upham, as a surname, which I have 
found, occurs early in this period. It is met with in a deed 
of lands to the church of Saint * Maria de Bradenstock, 
recorded !n the f Rotuli Chartarum, as follows : 

=^ St. Maria de Bradenstock, according to Camden, {Mag. Brit. Edit. 
1697, />. 94,) was a small monastery in Wilts Co., founded by "Walter, 
son of Edmond of Salisbury ; and we are informed by the Index, Vil- 
laris' Edit., Lond. 1680, p. 47, that Bradenstock is in the hundred of 
Kinwarston, lat. 51^ 23' ; long. 1^ 39' W. 

t Rotuli Cliartarum, in Turr. Lond., vol. 1, part 1, folio 170, An. 9, 
John. 1208. "The Charter Rolls are the contemporaneous registers 
of royal grants of lands, honors, dignities, hereditar}' offices, liberties, 
and other estates of inheritance to the nobility and commonality, and 
of lands, liberties, privileges, immunities, and other estates in mort- 
main to ecclesiastical, eleemosynary and lay corporations." 

( vi) 

" ex d. Hug.' de Upha* ij acr' tre' i campis de Upha." 
This document bears the date of 1208. The perusal of 
the sentence, " by gift of Hugo de Upham ij acres of land 
in campis de Upham," (the Upham fields, or estate,) im- 
presses us with a distinct idea that the name and family of 
the grantor were of some antiquity, and justify the suppo- 
sition that Hugo, or his father, might have held the lands 
Upham, and have borne the surname de Upham for at least 
sixty or seventy years — the common lifetime of man. In 
this case the surname is shown to have existed within about 
eiglity years of the extreme date assigned by Camden as 
the period when the English nobles began gradually to as- 
sume family names, from their estates ; at the same time it 
is shown to exist on record near two hundred years before 
the time when these names became common. The con- 
clusions, from these facts, in relation to the position of 
Hugo de Upham and his family, are too evident to require 
to be noticed. 

Forty or fifty years subsequent to the date of this entry 
on the charter rolls, we find from the t Rotuli Hundredro- 
rum, (Hundred Rolls,) that another person, holding the 
office of juror in Selkley Hundred, bore this surname : 
"Hundr'de Selkel' Nich' de Upham jur' Com' Wyltes, 
Ano. 39, Hen. iii.," (i. e. !255.) Soon afterwards we find 
in the | Rotuli Fiuium, (Fine Rolls,) notice of several per- 

* The mark - when u.sed by the abbreviator.? of these chronicles, al- 
ways indicates tlie omission of an in or u. 

t Rotuli Ilundredroiiini. Temp. Henry iii. and Edward i., vol. 2, 
p. 240. The rolls, denominated " The Hundred Rolls," contain inqui- 
sitions taken in pursuance of a special commission, issued under the 
Great Seal. This in(|uisition was taken b}' jurors chosen from each 
hundred, and con>i>tcd of returns made ixnder oath of all the demesne 
lands of the crown. manor:> of the same, wardships, maniages, es- 
cheats, &c., &c. 

t Exceix»ta e Rotulis Finium in Turr. Londinensis asservatis Hen- 
rico Tertio Rege., vol. 2, p. 375-1246-1272. Memb. 9. Henry in., 
A. D. 1262, commenced in the sixth year of Iving John, 1204, and 

( vn ) 

sons who bore the same name — " Wihs. Hugo de Doveral, 
t, Letitia ux. ej. Alio, de Upham. Joh'a, t, Agnes fil. Hug. 
de Upham dat dimid. marc. p. una as. Cap. coram, m. de 
Littlebir," (that is, Hugo de Doveral — et Letitia uxor ejus, 
Alicia de Upham, Johanna, et Agnesia, filial Hugonis de 
Upham, dant dimidum marc, por una assisa. capta coram. 
M. de Littlebir Wilts. The date this entry bears is 1262.* 
We have shown, then, by the evidence of records, that 
Upham was a surname already in 1208 ; and we have ex- 
pressed the opinion that the same record would, by im- 
plication, refer this use of the word to a period prior at 
least to 1140. The latter date brings us very near to the 
time when the surname, if of Saxon origin, must have 
been first assumed. Arrived at this point, the mind natu- 
rally seeks for the reasons that induced the bearer to take 
this particular name as a family designation. In general, 
at the period when family names began to be used, they 
were derived either from the profession, or some personal 
peculiarities of the individuals bearing them, or from his 
place of residence, or landed estates. In the latter case 
it was invariably indicated by the use of either the Latin 
or English particles de, or of, as Philip de Bourbon, John 
of Lancaster, &c. ¥/e shall endeavor to shew that the 
latter was the fact in relation to the surname of Upham ; 

finished under Edward iv., 1483. " The rolls comprise a great variety 
of matter relating to deaths., succession of heirs, descent, division of 
property, custodyof lands, and heirs duiing minority, liveries, mar- 
riages of heiresses and widows, assignments of dower, for forfeitures 
and pardons, aids and tallages, affairs of Jews," &c. Introduct., p. 5. 

* Before leaving this part of our subject, we may remark that, as 
Hugo de Upham. of Kinwaston Hundred, Hugo, the father of Joanna 
and" Alice, and Is^icholas, the, juror of Selkley, were all of the same 
county, (\. e. Wilts ;J) and that Kinwarston and Selkley Hundreds were 
contiguous, it is highly prohahle that all these persons Avere nearly re- 
latedf The name still exists in Selkley Hundred as a local name, fviz. 
the tithings of Upper and Lower Upham,J) in the parish of Aldbourne. 

( viii ) 

that it was first given to the family of that name, because 
they were possessors of lands, so called. 

Hugo, the first of this name of whom I have found any 
notice, is designated as Hugo de Upham, Hugo of Upham. 
Now the " de" not only indicates that he derived his name 
from his estate, but the lands belonging to him are ex- 
pressly referred to in the same document, as bearing the 
name Upham : '' Campis de Upham," (Upham fields.) We 
conclude, then, that Hugo, and his ancestors holding pos- 
session of and residing on lands known by the name Up- 
ham, received the names of Hugo, &c., de Upham. This 
is also confirmed by the fact, that Upham, as the name of a 
place, occurs in records previous to the introduction of 

We have, then, in a more or less satisfactory manner in- 
dicated the time and cause of the assumption of this sur- 
name. We shall now merely allude to the fact that the 
" de" was omitted at an early period, and the name re- 
ceived its present form. This change took place previous 
to 1445, as appears from its form in the following extract 
from the inquisitions, " ad quod Damnum."* " Inquisi- 
tio capta apud Watlington in com' Oxen tertio die 
Aprilis anno, &c., vicesimo tertio coram magro Rico' 
Lowe, et aliis commissionaris dui. Regis, ad inquirend, 
de omnibus illis bonis et catalis Elizabethan que fuit uxor 
Regnald Barantyn quam Joh'es Upham nuper duxit in 
ux'em et ad manus Joh'es Tycheborn ut diceter devene- 

* Calcndaruni Rotulomm Chartarum et inquisitionum ad qiiocl 
Damnum^ A. 19-23, Henry vi., Xo. 93, p. 385. The inquisitions ad 
quod Damnum were commenced in tlie first year of tlie reiirn of Ed- 
ward II., 1307, and ended in the 38th of Henry vi., 1460. They were 
taken by virtue of writs directed to tlic esclieator of each county, when 
any grant of a market, fair, or other privileges, or license of' aliena- 
tion of lands was solicited, to inquire by a juiy whether such grant of 
alienation was projudial to the king or others, in case the same should 
be made. Introduction. 

(ix ) 

runt," &-C. In this case the name is written simply, John 

We now turn to consider the origin of the name Upham, 
as a local designation. We find it used to indicate a place 
as early as the time of king Edward, the Confessor, (i. e. 
from 1041 to 1061,) in the following passage from the 
fDoomsday Book : " Vpham tenvit Edeva queda femina t.' 
r,' e.' p. dim. hid. -7. xxx. acr. mo. terr. Will, de Warrenna 
in dnio. val. x. sol. This we suppose to mean, that a cer- 
tain woman Edeua, in the reign of king Edward the Con- 
fessor, (t.'r.'e.' tempora regis Edwardi,) held "in d'nio" 
the place called Vpham, it being seven half hides and thirty 
acres in extent, and lying in the manor of Will, de War- 
renna. Val. X. sol. This passage is thus referred to in the 
index to the same. 

Locus Noia. Possession Genera. 


Terr, in d'nio. 



Possessor Noia. 

Berdestapla. Will, de Warrenna. 
This tract of land held by Edeua, under the Confessor, 
bore, undoubtedly at that time, as well as at the period 
when the Doomsday Book was made, the name Upham. 
This places the origin of the name previous to the battle 
of Hastings, thereby precluding the probability of a Nor- 
man origin, and compelling us to confine our investigations 
to the Anglo Saxon. 

* John Upham, and Lieut. Phineas Upham, his son, added without 
doubt the final e, to their names, in accordance "witli the custom of the 
age of Elizabeth, of giving this termination to many words. This letter 
was su.bsequently dropped, and the name assumed tlie original form. 

t Doomsday JBook, vol. 2, p. 36. Doomsday Book, one of the most 
ancient records of England, is the register from wliich judgment was 
given upon the value of tenure and services of lands therein described. 
From the memorial of the completion of this survey at tlie end of the 
second volume, it is evident it was finished in 1086. Introduction. 

( X) 

In deciding upon the antiquity of this word, we must 
first ascertain if it be a compound or a primitive word. It 
might be formed by uniting the Anglo Saxon words: "Up, 
an adjective, signifying exalted, high, elatus," and " Ham 
in the names of places denoting a home, dwelling, village." 
Bosworth's Dictionary of the Anglo Saxon Lang. ; Ray^s 
Proverbs and obsolete words. Lond. 1768, p. 125. Analogy 
favors this theory of the origin of the word Upham, for 
many names of towns, having such a termination, are evi- 
dently compounds in " ham." 

Our opinion, however, founded on reasons now to be ad- 
duced, is, that the word Upham is primitive, as old as the 
language itself, and perhaps of Celtic, oreven earlier origin. 
1. Because it is used in the earliest records, to designate an 
extensive tract of land ; a word the type of which existed 
in the language, and when applied to land would express an 
inherent quality. This word is Upha. " Upha, Above, 
Super., iye." Bos. Diet. A. S. Lang. We regret to say 
that we have no means of ascertaining the date when this 
word was in use, as no authority is given. Indeed, the au- 
thor of the Anglo Saxon Dictionary observes, (Introduc- 
tion, p. clxxvi.) concerning the authority for words : " Some 
words are from Somner, Benson and Lye, for which no 
other authority could be found. The orthography, inflec- 
tion and meaning of these words are given without altera- 
tion, on the responsibility of these authors." 2. Because 
the word, with but a slight alteration, as Hupham, occurs 
in the Hebrew, (Numb. 26 : 39,) a cognate language. 

These speculations in regard to the origin of the name 
are utterly fruitless in genealogical results, and leave us in 
doubt whether we should assign a Saxon or Norman origin 
to him who first assumed the name of Upham. 


It may be proper in this connection to enumerate some 
of the places which now bear the name Upham. 

Upliam^ a parish in the county of Hants, England, 65 
miles from London, 3 N. N. W. from Bishops Waltham ; 
contained, in 1843,581 inhabitants. It was the birth place 
of Dr. Young, the author of the " Night Thoughts." 

Upham, Tipperary county, kingdom of Munster, Ireland. 
A village in the parish of Killenaule, barony of Sleibhar- 
dagh. It is 98 miles distant from Dublin, and with the 
parish contains 3400 inhabitants. Gorton's Topog. Diet. 

Upham, Ecclesia de, is spoken of in the year 1422, as 
situated in the Hundred of Kynwolmershee, in the county 
of Wilts. Kalendars and Invetitories of his Majestyh 
Exchequer, vol. 2, p. 113. 

It may also be proper to refer to works in which individ- 
uals of this name are mentioned. 

Thomas Upham, of Melverton, Eng., 1684, is mentioned 
by Joseph Besse, in his history of the Quakers, (p. 638- 
643) as one of those who suffered from religious persecu- 

Proceedings in chancery, (Elizab., vol. 3, No. 19, 1587.) 
Plaintiff, Margaret Upham ; defendant, Millissent Culle- 
forde. Object of suit, to protect the plaintiff's title to 
widow's estate. Premises, a tenement and closes of land 
granted to the plaintiff's late husband, Thomas Upham. 
The defendant claims under another grant, alleged to have 
been made to her husband — county of Southampton, now 


John Upham was born during the latter part of the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth, in the year 1597.* On the 2d day 
of September, 1635, he was admitted freeman in Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts.! I conjecture that he came from 
England with Mr. Joseph Hull,| a minister who, with 
twenty-one families, settled in Weymouth in lC35;§for 
they both settled in that town, and had land granted to them 
at the same time, and were admitted freemen on the same 

At the time of his arrival in this country, John Upham 
was 38 years of age. He had been previously married, and 
had several children, as will appear by the account we shall 
hereafter give of them, and was probably accompanied by 
his wife and children to this country. But the first notice 
we find of his wife, is in a deed dated 1GG2,|1 in which 
she is called Elizabeth. Her surname may have been 
Webb ; for in the will of Richard Webb^ is the follow- 
ing : *' also I appoint and design my loving friends, 

* See his tombstone in the old grave-yard, Maiden. 

t General Court Records, vol. 1, p. 106. 

X Savage's Edition of Winthrop, vol. 1, p. 163. 

§ In a very interesting note by the Hon, Christopher Webb, to the 
dedication sermon of Mr. Bent, it is stated that Mr. Hull arrived in this 
country May 6, 1635. 

II Middlesex Deeds, Liber 1, p. 227. 

IF Suffolk Probate Records, vol. designated, 1639-1667, p. 325-6. 

Deacon Upham, of Maiden, Deacon Clapp and Lieut. 
Clapp, to be my executors," &.c. This is dated July 21, 
1659, while in the same record, page 3'26, under date of 
July 21, 1659, is the following : *' Joseph Webb being 
" before me, the magistrate, declared that he chose his 
" Uncle Upham, Lieut. Clapp and Deacon Clapp, whom 
'* his father appointed executors of his will, to be his 
" guardians," &c. Now there are but two ways in which 
John Upham could be the uncle of Joseph Webb ; either 
he married Richard Webb's sister, or vice versa. But 
even supposing that Elizabeth Webb was the wife of John 
Upham, w^e are not certain that she was his first wife. 

To return : the land granted to John Upham, in Wey- 
mouth, consisted of various lots, the largest of which was 
30 acres in extent, and situated near to one of the ponds. 
This is an exact copy of the original grant. 


"■ Fower acres in king-oke-hill first given to himselfe, 
" Bounded on the east with Edmond Parkers land, on the 
" west by a highwaie, Mr Webbs land on the north, Thomas 
" Rawlings on the south ; Two acres in Harris Rainge, 
" Thomas Cleftenes lands on the East, a highwaie on the 
" west, the lands of Walter Harris on the north, of John 
" Burrye on the South ; Two acres of salt marsh, with a lit- 
" tie Island adjoining to it, called Burryinge Island, Mr 
" Newmans lands on the East, the sea on the west, Enoch 
'' Shutes on the South ; Thirty acres in the great lotts — 
" the pond on the east — the common on the west — Ste- 
" phen West on the North."* 

This specification of land in the great lots is preceded 
by the following general regulation as to the grants :t 

* Weymouth Town Records, vol. 1, p. 27. 
t " " " vol. 1, p. 25. 

** 1636. At a meeting of the town of Weymouth, holden 
" the 12th of June, Voted, That for the great lotts we 
" should lott unto every complete person six acres. And 
" to every half passenger, under twelve years of age, to 
" have three acres to a head, by all the freemen here pres- 
" ent whose names are under written ; and the place to 
" begin is at the lower end of the fresh pond, and to run 
" eighty four rods towards the great lotts plantation." 



Edward Bcnnet, 


Mr. Jenner, jr., 


Mr. Joseph Hull, 


Will. Reade, 


Henry Kingman, 


Richard Sylvester, 


Mr. Jenner, senior, 


Richard Addams, 


Thomas White, 


Will. Smyth, 


Will Fry, 


Steven French, 


Edward Hunt, 


John Upham, 


Thomas Railings, 


In this list those persons having the prefix of Mr. to their 
names were ministers, at least two of them, Mr. Hull and 
Mr. Jenner. 

The May following Upham's settlement in Weymouth, 
(i. e., May, 1036,) he was elected representative* to the 
General Court, holden in Boston ; he was also elected 
representative to the second term of the court for the same 
year ; but on petitionf was allowed to remain at home. 

For both| terms of the General Court for 1637, and for 
the first term§ for 1638, held at Newton, he was one of the 
deputies from Weymouth. He was also deputy for 1639,|| 
and on the " 5 day of the 9th month" of the same year he 
" was appointed, to be in the place of Mr. Parker, who 
" is gone to England, to order small business in the town 
" of Weymouth."^ 

* General Court Records, vol. 1, p. 128. 
t Idem, " " p. 133. 

t Idem, " " p. 148, 160. 

§ Idem, " " p. 182. 

II Idem, " " p. 223. 

t Idem, " " p. 233. 


In the year 1G40 he lost a son, of wliom we know noth- 
ing more than is contained in the simple record of his 

" Weymouth." 

" John Upham, sonne of John Upham, buried 5d. 4m. 

" 1040."* 

In the year 1G4'2 we find him with several other persons 
acting as commissioners to treat with the Indians, in rela- 
tion to land in Weymouth. f The next year he is one of 
the selectmen ;j and in 1G44 power is given him, in con- 
junction with two others, " to end small causes in Wey- 
" mouth. '"^ His name is subscribed to the doings of the 
town, as one of the selectmen, for the years 1G45, 1646, 
1647. II The last entry in this book to which his name is 
appended, (page IG) bears the date of the ^Ist day of the 
I2th month, 1G47 ; and we may say with certainty that he 
remained in Weymouth till the year 1G4S. 

We now for a short period lose sight of him entirely ; 
that is, from 1G48 to 1G50, a period of two years. But 
we know that during this time he removed from Weymouth 
to Maiden, having lived in the former place for thirteen 
years or more. 

We conjecture that this removal took place in the year 
1648; for in that yearjj " the town of Maiden was built 
" on the north side of Mystic river, by several persons from 
" Charlestown, who gathered themselves into a church." 

At least he was a resident in that town as early as 1650, 

* Record of births, deaths, &c., in the City Commissioner's office, 
Boston. Liber 1, p. 67. Charmer is probably mistaken in regard to his 

t Town Records of Weymouth, vol. 1, p. 1. 

J Town Records of Weymouth, vol. 1, p. 3. 

§ General Court Records, vol. 1, p. 364. 

II Town Records of Weymouth, vol. 1, p. 4-16. 

ir Johnson's Wondenvorking Providence, p. 211. 

for we find a petition signed by him as selectman of Mai- 
den, bearing date the 22d day of the 1st month, 1651 ;* 
and we conclude that since he was selectman so early in 
1651, he must have been an inhabitant at least as early as 

Why he left Weymouth we know not. The town records 
of Maiden, previous to 1678, are unfortunately lost, and 
thus we are deprived of one great source of information 
concerning him for thirty years of his life, viz. from 1648 
to 1678. Notwithstanding this, we have been able to learn 
much in regard to him, during this period, from other 

In the year 1651 he was selectman, as above stated; and 
we also find his name signed as a witness to a document, 
by which the bounds of Charlestown and Maiden were 
established. f 

In 1652 we find no mention of him, save that a deed is 
signed in his presence ;| but he was probably selectman 
that year, as we know he was the year succeeding, viz. 
1653, from a petition signed by him as such.§ 

I find no mention of his name in 1654. He seems, 
however, with others of his townsmen, to have fallen under 
the displeasure of the General Court about that time, as 
will be seen by the following!! entry in their records. May 
23, 1655: 

" In answer to the petition of Joseph Hill, Abraham 
" Hill, John Waite, John Sprague, Ralph Shepherd, John 
" Upham, James Green, Thomas Call, in which they hum- 
" bly acknowledge the offence they gave to the court and 

* Files of the County Court, Middlesex County, 1652. 

t Charlestown Town Records, vol. 1, p. 3. 

j Middlesex Deeds, Liber 1, p. 178. 

4 County Court Files, Middlesex County, 1653. 

II General Court Records, Liber 11, p. 273. 



" several churches about the ordination of Mr. Matthews, 
" &c. And therein also craving a remittment of =£13 65. 
" 8p., part of a fine not yet satisfied, the court doth well 
" approve, and accept of the petitioners' acknowledgment 
" of their irregular actings in those times ; but under- 
** standing that much, if not most, of the fine being paid 
" for, and that the rest is secured, of that should long since 
" have been paid in, they see not cause to grant their re- 
*' quest in that." 

The offence which they gave was the electing their own 
pastor, without consulting the other churches. 

We learn, incidentally, that he was selectman this year, 
as he probably was in succeeding years. 

" Know all men,"&:c. " that the inhabitants of the town 
" of Maiden," (Sec. &,c. " Witness the hands of the under- 
" written, in the name of the inhabitants. 

" John Upham," &-c., " Selectmen." 

" Dated 6mo., 1G55."* 

We shall now turn aside to see what information can be 
obtained in relation to the family of John Upham ; and 
first, of his wife Elizabeth. I find her name mentioned 
three times — first, the 2d of July, 1662 ;t the second, in 
1664 ;t and the third, the 2d December, 1670.§ These 
notices are scattered over the space of but little more than 
eight years, and we know nothing more of her save that 
she must have died between the 2d of December, 1670, 
and the 14th of August, 1671 ; for at this time we find 
him about contracting a second marriage. || 

This is all we have been able to learn of her. We know 

* Mirlrllcscx Deeds. Liber 2. p. 43. 
t Middlesex Deeds. Liljer 11. p. 227. 
J Middlesex Deeds, Liber 4. p. 132-3. 
§ " '^ '• 4, p. 136-7. 

I! Suflfolk Deeds, Liber 7. p. 214. 


also that he had a son Nathaniel,* of whom the earliest 
notice which I find bears this date, 4d. 2mo., 1654 ;t the 
next| is dated Dec. 1st, 1G56; and in both these cases his 
name is in conjunction with his father's, and they witness 
that certain testators are in a sound, disposing state of mind. 
The third is the following : 

" Marriages in Cambridge," 

'' Nathaniel Upham and Elizabeth Steadman, married 
" March 5th, 1661-2." 

Immediately afterwards we find a record^ of his death. 

" Deaths in Cambridge." 

*' Nathaniel Upham, March ye 20th, I661-2."|I 

The time included between the extreme dates is about 
six years. His profession, we shall endeavor to show, was 
that of a preacher of the gospel. It is recorded in the 
Roxbury church chronicles, that in *' March, 1661, Mr. 
" Upham, who sometime preached in Maiden, died in Cam- 
" bridge."T[ 

Now that Mr. Nathaniel Upham, who died in Cambridge, 
was a minister, may be inferred from the following extract 
from the inventory** of his goods and chattels : 

" By 13 bands and 10 pair of band-strings, 
" By a parcel of books of Mr. Brooks, 
" By another parcel of books, 
" By a parcel of Latin books, 
" By a citherntt and case to it, 

From his bands and books, I think we are justified in 

concluding that he v/as a minister. That he was the per- 

* Middlesex Deeds, Liber 1 1, p. 227. 
t Middlesex AVills, Liber 1, p. 15. 
j Middlesex Deeds, Liber 1 1 , p. 25. 

\ Liber 3, of Ijirths, deat'as, &c., p. 32, (deposited in the archives of 
Supreme Court, l^ast Cambridge.^ 

II Idem, " " p. 30, " " " « 

^ Roxbury Church Records, vol. 1 , p. 253. 

^* Middlesex Wills, Li])er 2, p. 37. 

tt From cithara, a stringed musical instrument. 



















son who m-irried Elizabeth Steadnian, and the ?.on of Dea- 
con John Upham, of Maiden, is evident from the words of 
a deed soon after executed by John Upham, as follows : 
" and especially for the dear love and affection I have unto 
** my beloved daughter, Elizabeth Upham, the relict widow 
" of my son, Nathaniel Upham, deceased, have given," &c. 
" Dated July 2,1662."* Neither can there be any doubt 
that he was the person referred to in the Roxbury chroni- 
cle, unless we are willing to suppose that there were in 
Cambridge two ministers who bore the same name, and 
died in the same month of the same year. 

We presume that there \vas no issue of this marriage ; 
and we find that in 16T0 his widow had become the wifet 
of Henry Thompson. 

There was a Nathaniel Upham, of Maiden, who was ad- 
mitted freeman in the year 1653, i of whom we find no far- 
ther mention. The only plausible conjecture which we 
can offer concerning him is, that he was that son of John 
Upham, who died in Cambridge, as we have before named. 
If he was born in England — and there can be no doubt of 
it — and was three years of age when he arrived in this 
country, he would be 21 years old in 1653 — an age when 
it was proper that he should be admitted freeman ; and at 
the time of his decease, which occurred in 1661, he was 
of the age of 29 years. This presumption has nothing 
improbable in itself, but accounts satisfactorily for the 
silence of subsequent documents concernincr him. 

There was also a Nathan Upham, who was admitted 
freeman on the 23d of May, 1655 ;§ but of him we have 
no farther record, nor can Me even conjecture any thing in 

* Middlesex Deeds, Liber 2. p. 227. 
t " " " 4, p. 1.38-9. 

J General Court Records, Liber 2. p. 140. 
^ " '• " " 2, p. 255. 


relation to him, save that he might have been a son of John 
Upham also, and born, like Nathaniel, in England. 

Of John Upham's son Phineas, the lieutenant, we shall 
hereafter give a full account. 

His daughters were Hannah : This appears from a depo- 
sition,* in which, under the name of Hannah Long, she is 
called the daughter of John Upham, and is said to have 
been " aged 44 years, or thereabouts." This document bears 
the date of 6d. 9mo. 1G79. Three other daughters are 
mentioned in the willt of Lieut. Phineas Upham, as fol- 
lows — " there being several legacies due from him to his 
" three sisters, viz. — the wife of Thoaias Welsh, the wife 
" of John Whittemore, and the wife of Thomas Prescott, 
" of twelve pounds apiece, according to an obligation 
" under his hand," &c. There was also a fifth daughter 
named Priscilla,J who is supposed to have married Thomas 
Cross well, for the reasons stated hereafter. 

Of the three named in the Lieutenant's will, the chris- 
tian name of John Whittemore's wife was Mary, as appears 
from a record made about eight months after the above 
cited will.§ " Mary, wife of John Whittemore, died June 
27th, 1677." The age is not given. The name of 
Thomas Prescott's wife I have not yet ascertained. In 
regard to the wife of Thomas Welsh we find, by docu- 
mentsll appended to his will, bearing date May 26, 1701, 
that her name was Elizabeth. As this mention of his wife's 
name occurs twenty-five years after the Lieutenant's death, 
it remains to be shown that the persons alluded to in the 
two documents — i. e., the wills of Upham and Welsh — are 

^ Middlesex Deeds, Liber 7, p. 175. 

t Middlesex Wills, " 6, p. 14. 

J Court Records, East Cambridge, vol. 1, p. 131. 

§ Town Records, Charlestown, vol. 1. 

II Middlesex Wills, Liber 10, p. 143, 4, 5. 


identical. This we are not able as yet to do. Still it is 
very probable ; for it happened that there was a dispute 
concerning the will of Welsh, and certain persons were 
broiicrht in to testify in regard to his intentions in the dis- 
tribution of his estate, and among others Priscilla, wife of 
Thomas Crosswell, who testified and said,* *' that several 
" times, within these late years, she heard her brother, 
" Thomas Welsh, say," &c. Now, since John Upham had 
a daughter Priscilla, and another who married Thomas 
Welsh, there is a presumption that Priscilla Crosswell, 
who calls Welsh brother, and Elizabeth Welsh, who it 
appears survived her husband, were both daughters of John 

Assuming this to be the case, we w^ill now state what 
we know farther concerning them. We learn from her 
tombstone thatt " Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Welsh, died 
" January 12, 1705, aged about 75 years," and thatj 
" Priscilla Crosswell died Dec. 8, 1717, aged 75." 

In conclusion, then, it appears that John Upham had 
eight, and, including Nathan, nine children, whose births, 
deaths and ages are as follows, as shown from the docu- 
ments cited, or as conjectured by us. 
















Nathan, ? ' 

1 634 ? 








1640 ? 







The Avifc of Thomas Prescott. 

The births 

of Nathaniel and 

Nathan are 

computed or 

* Deposition not recorded. l)ut on file with Middlesex Wills, 
t Charlestown old gravc-vard. 
t Idem " " ' " 


the supposition that they were admitted as freemen at the 
age of 21. The age of Hannah is stated so indefinitely in 
her deposition, we are unable to determine with certainty 
the year of her birth. 

It remains now to speak of an adopted son, named John : 
the first notice of whom we have in the following record, 
dated June 19, 1660: 

^' John Upham, of Maiden, presenting to this court his 
*' request, referring to a lad about 12 years of age, called 
" John Upham, who being about 8 years since brought 
'' from the Island of Barbadoes fatherless and friendless, 
" was by the magistrates committed to the said Upham's 
" care and provision, he receiving with him only to the 
"■ value of £7, an inventory whereof he sayeth he then ex- 
" hibited upon record in the registry at Cambridge. This 
" court considering the premises, with the consent of the 
" said John Upham, Jr., being present in court, do order," 
&c. &c.* 

This is probably the same John who, according to Far- 
mer, was admitted freeman in 1668, as at that time he was 
about 21 years of age. 

The end of this " fatherless and friendless lad" is thus 
recorded. " John Upham, of Charlestown, being weak in 
*' body, but of good understanding, he desired that God 
'' would be merciful to his soul. He desired me, John 
** Mousell, to see him decently interred, and to look after 
*' his estate for my daughter Elizabeth Mousell, his espous- 
" ed wife. He deceased the 25th of November, 1677. His 
" musket he gave to young Phineas Upham, son of the 
" Lieutenant."! 

* Superior Court Records, CEast Cambridge J Liber 1, p. 173. 
t Middlesex Wills, Liber 5, p. 55. 


It would seem from this that his marriage was never con- 
summated. His tombstone still remains in the old grave- 
yard in Charlestown, and bears this inscription : 

" John Upham died Nov. 25, 1677, JE. 30." 

In another record it is stated that he died of the small- 
pox.* Farmer states that a second John Upham died there 
in 16T8 ; hat I have found no such record. 

To return to John Upham, thefather : The only instance 
in which I find his name mentioned for the year 1G56, is 
as a witness to a deed.t 

In 1657 he, with two other persons, were appointed 
commissioners by the Supreme Court, " for ending small 
cases in Maiden for one year ensuing."! His name is also 
appended to an inventory^ taken by him the 8th month of 
the year 1657. 

In 1658 we find another inventory taken by him in Sep- 
tember ;!| and also his name signed as a witness to a deed 
drawn up the same year.^ 

April 5th, 1659, he was again appointed commissioner 
for Maiden by the Supreme Court,** and also executor of 
the will of Richard Webb, and guardian of his son. ft 

In 1660 we find another inventory taken by him. ft 

June 25th, 1661, he was again : ppointed commissioner,|||| 
and in the same year his name is found signed to an inven- 
tory drawn up by him. §§ June 17th, 1662, he was re- 

* Liber 3, ])p. 272 and 277. of biiths and deaths, and in archives of S. 
C., East Cambridge, 
t Middlesex Deeds, Lib. 2, p. 15. 

J Superior Court Records. (East Cambridge.) Lib. 1. p. 118. 
4 ^Middlesex Wills. Lib. 1. p. 142. 
II Middlesex Wills. Liber 1, p. 174. 
if Middlesex Deeds, Liber 2, p. 164-.5. 
** Sup. Coiu-t Rec. Liber 1. p. 191. 

tt Suffolk Deeds. Lib. thus designated, 1639-1667. p. 325-6. 
tt Middlesex Wills. Lib. 2. p. 75. 
nil Sup. Court Rec, Lib. 1. p. 191. 
^ jSIiddlesex W^ills, Lib. 1, p. 296. 


appointed commissioner,* and chosen as one of the grand 
jurors that year.t 

I find no mention of his name in the records for the 
year 1663 ; and for several years after, we are deprived of 
the light which might have been obtained from the Su- 
preme Court Records — Liber 2 having been destroyed by 

In 1664 we find a conveyance of land to John Upham,f 
and another from John Upham to his son Phineas.|| In 
1665 he appears as a witness to a deed.§ In 1666 an 
inventory is taken by him.^ I find nothing concerning 
him during the year 1667. 

In 1668 an answer is returned to a petition presented to 
the General Court by John Upham and others, in behalf 
of the town of Maiden ;** his name also occurs appended 
to an inventory drawn up by him this year. ft I find noth- 
ing concerning him which bears the date of 1669. In 
1670 land is conveyed by " John Upham, of Maiden, yeo- 
man," to his son Phineas.|| August 14th, 1671, there is 
also a " consummation of marriage intended between John 
" Upham, sen., of Maiden, in New England, and Cathe- 
" rine Holland, widow, and relict of Angell Holland, late 
" deceased. "§§ That this marriage was actually consum- 
mated, the following imperfect record j||| would seem to 
prove : 

'* Marriages in Maiden." 

" John Upham and Hollie, 6m. '71." That is, 

August, 1671, the year old style, commencing in March. 

* Sup. Court Rec, Lib. 1, p. 217. t S. C Records, Lib. 1, p. 201. 
X Middlesex Deeds, Lib. 4, p. 133,4, 5. 

II Idem, " " " p. 136-7. 

§ Idem, " Lib. 6, p. 392. f Middlesex Wills, Lib. 3, p. 81. 

^^ Gen. Court Rec'ds, Lib. 3, p. 52. If Middl'x Wills, Lib. 3, p. 279. 
Xt Middl'x Deeds, Lib. 4, p. 146-7. §§ Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 7, p. 214. 
nil Lib. 3, p. 250, births, deaths — S. C archives, East Cambridge. 




There can be no doubt that by " Hollie," Catherine 
Holland is intended. 

In 1672 we find an inventory* drawn up by him, but no 
notice of him during the year 1673. In 1674 there is 
another inventory made by him,t but for the three succeed- 
ing years, viz. 1675, '76, '77, we have not found his name 
recorded. Subsequent to this period, however, the town 
records of Maiden are extant, and from them we learn that 
Deacon John Upham wast moderator of the several town 
meetings for the years 1678, 1678-9, 1679, 1679-80 ; the 
last of which occurred on the 2 d. 1 m. 1679-80 — i. e., 2d 
March, 1680. His name is also mentioned in 1678, as one 
of those interested in the settlement of Worcester. |j I have 
not been able to find his will, or any farther documents in 
relation to him. 

On the 25th of February, 1681, the patriarch died, aged 
84, and his tomb is with us even to this day. It is situated 
near the centre of the old church yard in Maiden, and 
bears the following inscription : 
*' §zvt iges tlje bobt) oi 3o\)n Upl]am, ^geir 84 : huh 

The character of John Upham appears in a clear light 
from the facts recorded in the preceding pages. At the 
age of 38, within fifteen years of the first settlement of Ply- 
mouth, he sought an asylum for himself and family in this 
country. We thus see him in early manhood exhibiting 
his energy of character, and the clearness and vigor of his 
intellectual powers, in the act of resigning kindred, friends 
and country, for God and liberty. In this great act his 
spirit bears witness of itself 

* INIiddlesex Wills, Lib. 4, p. 49. t Midd'x Wills, Lib. 4, p. 80 , 81 . 
X Town Records of ISIalden, Lib. 1, p. 1 to 3. 
U Lincoln's History of Worcester, p. 29. 


In addition to this, we find him, on his arrival here, ap- 
proved by his countrymen, as he was the same year cho- 
sen a delegate to their highest Assembly, and for six differ- 
ent sessions continued their representative, when fearless 
piety, integrity and wisdom, were regarded as essential to 
office. On his removal to Maiden, thirteen years after- 
wards, he became at once, and continued through life, a 
leading citizen of that town, and was repeatedly elected to 
various offices in their gift. The General Assembly also 
manifest a corresponding confidence in him, by appointing 
him six times Commissioner to settle the lesser legal mat- 
ters of Weymouth and Maiden. 

During the short period that the town records are ex- 
tant, it appears that he was eight years selectman, and three 
years moderator of the town meetings. He was a com- 
missioner to treat with the Indians, and was a pioneer, not 
only in the first settlement of Weymouth and Maiden, but 
actively interested in the settlement of Worcester. 

It will likewise be seen, from the frequency with which 
he was called to settle estates, and to manage the affairs of 
widows and orphans, that he was esteemed a man of care- 
fulness and kindness in the discharge of those important 

Finally, the church, in a highly religious community, 
setteth the seal of her testimony upon him, by selecting 
him for the office of Deacon — which office he held for at 
least twenty-four years. 

His sons he educated for the service of his country : the 
one became a minister of the gospel, the other an officer 
in the army. In all his domestic relations there is reason 
to believe him a man esteemed and beloved. 

Nature seems to have endowed him with a vigorous con- 
stitution ; for, at the age of 83, but a few months before 


his decease, he discharged the laborious duties of modera- 
tor, thus showing that he enjoyed at that time full activity 
of mind and body. 

We need only add that, through his long life, matured 
by an experience of thirty-eight years in England, and forty- 
six in this country, in times which drew largely on the 
intellect and energy of men, he appears to have sustained 
himself well, as a strong man and respected citizen, and 
to have been an efficient co-laborer among those who, in 
times of peril, laid the foundations of a free state. 


His descendants, for eight generations, in peace and 
honor, have lived protected and blessed by the institutions 
and principles for which he labored ; and the effect of his 
instructions and example, through successive generations, 
is doubtless not without its influence on them to the pres- 
ent day. They owe a debt of gratitude to his memory, 
and should sacredly preserve the evidence that remains 
of him in the imperfect records of his times, as honorable 
testimonials of their PIONEER ANCESTOR TO THE 


This autocrrapli of John Upham is a con-ect representation of his 
signature as it appears affixed to various documents from 1635 to 1681. 
The'" A" in the name is Avritten reversed, and the '• e'' inverted, as is 
found to be uniformly the case in the manuscript records and docu- 
ments of that day. The name is spelt " Uphame," and continued to 
be spelt in this manner by his son : but his p-andson, in his time, omit- 
ted the final letter, writing the name as it is now spelt by his de- 



Lieutenant Phtneas Upham was the son of John 
Upham, as appears from a statement which accompanies 
the inventory of his, the Lieutenant's, property, viz., " es- 
*' tate in reversion, after his father, Deacon John Upham's 
" decease, the dwelling-house his said fiither lives in,"* &c. 

The precise time or place of his hirth we know not with 
certainty ; but in the following deposition given by him, 
dated Dec. 21st, 1G71, he is said to be 36 years of age : 
" I, Phineas Upham, aged 36 years, testify and say, that, 
'* some time in the 7 month of this year, I being occa- 
" sionally with our selectmen, and they having called John 
" Pemberton before them, did reprove him for mis-spending 
" his time, and for other misdemeanors, "f &c. It would 
appear from this statement that he was born about 1635. 

The earliest notice I find of Phineas Upham, in point of 
date, is the following : 

" Marriages in Maiden. 

*' Phineas Upham and Ruth Wood, 14 d. 2 m. '58 — by me, 

Richard Russell."| 

He was then married on the 14th of April, 1658, being 
23 years of age. In the records of the next year I find the 
following entry : 

" Phineas Upham, son of Phineas Upham and Ruth, his 
wife, born 22d. 2m. 1659."§ 

* Middlesex Wills, Liber 6, p. 16. 

t Complaint vs. John Pemberton, on file with County Court papers, 
Middlesex county, June term, 1672. 

t Middlesex Wills, Liber 1, p. 24. 

§ Record of births, deaths, &c., in Charlestown, Lib. 1. [The pages 
of this book are exceedingly confused in enumeration.] 


I find no notice of him for the year 16G0, but in 1661 
his son Nathaniel was born ; and as we shall not again refer 
to this son, or his descendants, we may state here that his 
wife's name was Sarah — that he was the father of many 
children, and that he died the 11th November, 1717, aged 
56.* He was the brother of Phineas Upham, as is shown 
by the following document : 

" To all persons to whom these presents may come, 
" greeting. Know ye, that I, Nathaniel Upham, of Maiden, 
" in the county of Middlesex, and Colony of Massachu- 
*' setts, in New-England, with the assent and consent of 
" my wife, Sarah, and for and in consideration of certain 
" lands by way of exchange to me conveyed and confirmed 
'' by deed in writing, under hand and seal, bearing date 
" with these presents, to me delivered at the sealing and 
" delivery hereof by my brother, Phineas Upham, of Mal- 
" den aforesaid," &c.f 

For the year 160-2 I find no notice of Phineas. In 1663 
there was a lot of land conveyed to him ;| and in 1664 his 
daughter Ruth was born, who died December Sth, 1676, 
aged 12 years. § The same year another lot of land is 
conveyed to him.]! I find nothing in regard to him which 
bears the date of 1665. In 1666, it is recorded, under the 
head of births in Maiden, that 
" John, son of Phineas Upham, was born 9 d. 10 m. ^6G.^ 

For the years 1667, '68 and '69, I find no records con- 
cerning him, save that in the year 1668 he was appointed 

* Maiden Records, quoted by Eev. L. R. Paigre. 
t Middlesex Deeds, Liber 10, p. 37. t Middl'x Deeds, Lib. 4, p. 135. 
^ Birth calculated from age and time of death on her tombstone, 
Maiden old church vard. 

II Middlesex Deeds, Lib. 4, p. 132-3. 

T[ Bu-ths, &c., Lib. 3, p. 99 — Carchives Sup. Court, East Cambridge.) 


an appraiser of a certain piece of property.* In 1670 
certain lands were conveyed to him.t In 1671 the depo- 
sition, before alluded to, was taken, and he was constable 
of Maiden for that year. In 1672 there was another con- 
veyance of land to him.| 

During the period which elapsed between the recorded 
birth of the last child, (John) and the time at which we 
have now arrived, it is probable that the three other chil- 
dren mentioned in the Lieutenant's will were born. The 
name of one of these latter is specified, viz., Elizabeth — 
the two others are spoken of generally as sons. Their 
names I have not as yet been able satisfactorily to ascer- 
tain, but they probably were Richard and Thomas, who 
we know were brothers, by the following document : 

" To all persons before whom this deed of release shall 
" come : Know ye that I, Richard Upham, of Maiden, in 
'' this Her Majesty's province of Massachusetts Bay, in 
*' New-England, for and in consideration that my brother 
" Thomas Upham, of Maiden," &c. Dated 1709.§ 

In 1673 he was appointed, with three other persons, to 
survey a road from Cambridge to Maiden ;|| and in 1674 
we find his name signed to two inventories made by him, 
and to a petition in regard to lands in Worcester ;|f he was 
also on a committee to alter highways, in April of that 

As early, however, as 1672, he must have been engaged 
in the settlement of the town of Worcester, as will appear 
from the following extract from Lincoln's History of Wor- 
cester : 

* Middlesex Deeds, Liber 21 — on one of the fly leaves, 
t " " " 4, p. 136-7. 

I « " " 4, p. 272-3. 
§ Liber 18, p. 548 of Middlesex Deeds. 

II " 3, p. 77, Supreme Court Records, East Cambridge. 
if Lincoln's History of Worcester, p. 11. 

** Court riles for May, 1674. 


" A lot granted to Phineas Uphain, July 8th, IG73, was 
" now described and located ; and although it should con- 
" tain more than fifty acres, yet the committee have con- 
" firmed it to him for a fifty acre lot, more or less ; and 
" this they did, upon a rule of equity, in consideration of 
" the labor, travel and activity of the said Upham, from 
" time to time, in furthering, advancing and encouraging 
" the settlement of the plantation."* 

'' In April, 1675, the lot of fifty acres, granted to Phin- 
** eas Upham, of Maiden, was surveyed, confirmed and 
" recorded, and it was described as lying in the west 
" squadron, or division, on the south side of the country 
♦' road." The author of the history of Worcester, in speak- 
ing of the progress of that settlement states, that " Ephraim 
Curtis, vvho had already built ; Thomas Hall, Simon Mey- 
ling, Phineas Upham," &,c., " had arrived in the month 
of April, 16T5."t It seems, however, that in June, of the 
same year, he was one of the " jury for trials in the court 
held at Charlestown.''"t 

Probably about this time he received a commission as 
Lieutenant, but I have not been able to find the notice of 
his appointment. That he held this rank as early as Sept., 
1675, is proved by the following extract from a postscript 
of a letter to IMajor John Pynchon, which is dated Sept. 
4th, 1675 : 

" Sir : We have ordered Lieut. Upham to lead up to 
you thirty men ; and do farther order that Lieut. Seill be 
dismissed home to his family, and his soldiers to make up 
ye companies as the chief commander shall order, and the 
above named Lieut. Upham to be under Gapt. Wayte."§ 

* Lincoln's History of AVorcester, p. 11. 
t Idem. p. 14. 

t Supreme Court Eecords, Liber 3, p. 119. 
§ JMilitars' Eecords. Liber 1, p. 280. 


He could not have been for a long time Lieutenant to 
Capt. Wayte, for on the 24th of September, that is, twenty 
days after the date of the above line, he was on his march 
into the Nipmuck country, in company with Capt. Gorham, 
one of the Plymouth colony officers. The account of this 
expedition is contained in the following letter of the Lieu- 
tenant : 

From Menclon * ye 1st of Octobr, 1675. 
Honor'd Goiivner and Coimsill, 

These are to certify your worships that Capt. Gorumwith 
myself, and oar soldiers of both companies are in good health at prest. 
through mercy ; and to give your honors an account of our severell 
marches : First, we marched to Mendon on the sixth day of the week 
at night, being the 24th of Sept. ; and, on the 25th day, we marched 
from Mendon in to Hassanamissit,t hoping there to have had an Indian 
for our guide, but the Indians were all gone from thence, and we were 
thereby disappointed of our expectations ; and on that, next day we 
marched unto Pakachoug,t where we found a field of good corn, and 
well formed, which we did think convenient not to destroy, concluding 
that, for aught we knew, some of the nearest found inhabitants would be 
willing to save it ; but we could not find any Indians, neither the sign 
of any being there of late, and we marched from thence unto Man- 
chang§ and Chabanamagum,|| where we found some cornfields and 
some wigwams, which corn and AvigAvams we burnt and destroyed, but 
could not find any of our enemies, which was a great discouragement 
to us, having taken so much pains to find tliem. Then we returned, 
and marched to an Indian plantation called Shockologuad,!" where we 
could not find any Indians, but found a considerable quantity of good 
corn, which we did not destroy, but reserved it at the request of some 
of Mendon, who thought to fetch it home for their own use, and from 
thence we came to Mendon on the 30tli of Sept. 

Now, seeing in all our marches we find no Indians, we verily think 
that they are drawn together into great bodies far remote from these 
parts. If your honors please to send us on any farther service, I hope 
we shall not be unwilling, but forward to do our uttermost endeavors, 
withall desiring that you would be ])leased to add unto our numbers, 
seeing that besides the garrison men wliich must be left here in the 
garrison, we have but thirty men besides myself, — Capt. Gorum being 
now on his march to Mount Hope, and, if we go farther, we desire we 
may have a surgeon, and some other that may be acquainted with the 
woods where you may send us— the want of which has been a discour- 
agement to our men. 

And as for the toAvn of Mendon I am desired to commend the deso- 
late condition of them unto your honors, several of their inhabitants 

* ?t!ilit.ary Records, Lib. 1, p. 276. t HassanaiDissett, now Grafton. 

t Pakaclions, now Worcester and Ward. ^ Manchang, now Oxford. 

II Chabananiaguin, now Dudley. TT Shockologuad, now 


bcinp: removed from tlicm, and those in parrison being: but poor helps, 
and in immbiT })nt twelve men, Avith their arms very defeetive. The 
phmtation is vi-ry remote, and tliereforc so mueh the more stands in 
need of lielp. It is likely to be a pros])erous plaee, if it please God to 
put an issue to tliis trouble, and therefore it is the more pitty to have 
it deserted Ity the peo))le, who think it must be, if they have not some 
assistance. They ho])e that twenty men, Avell fitted with their o-\vn re- 
sources, might be .-ufficient, if your honors so cause ; and farther, they 
desire to acquaint your honors that ye Indians of Hassanamissett, which 
your honors appointed to sit down witli them, have deserted their own 
town, and so came not to ^Mcmdon ; and so, not having any more to 
trouble your honors withall, I rest, 

Your huml)le to coinmand, 

Phixeas Upham, Leftenant. 

He was, then, at Mendon on the 1st of October, and 
about the 9th of the same month was, as will be seen by 
the following extract,* with Major Appleton, who had just 
succeeded to Major Pynchon in the command of the Mas- 
sachusetts forces. Unfortunately, neither the date nor the 
place from which this letter was written is indicated. It 
commences thus : " Yours by Lieut. Upham I received, 
as also yours of Oct. 9th," &c. Farther on in the same 
letter he says, " there being now come in sixty men under 
Capt. Pool and Lieut. Upham," &lc. 

The next mention which I find of him is as one of the 
signers of a petition drawn up by the officers of the army, 
and bearing date Dec. 4, 1675,f but the place is not men- 
tioned. His name again occurs in a letter dated Novem- 
ber, 1G75, written by the order of the General Court to 
Major Appleton, in which the latter is reprimanded for 
having overstepped the limits of his authority by " consti- 
tuting Mr. Pool to be captain in the company whereof Lieut. 
Uphain is Lieutenant, "t 

He did not remain for a long time under Capt. Pool, but 
was transferred to Capt. Johnson's company, as appears 
by the following petition : " Capt. Johnson humbly de- 

* ]Mihtary Records, Liber 2. p. 3. t Militaiy Records, Lib. 2, p. 87. 
t '' '^ " 2, p. 37. 


sires yt his brother, Humphrey Johnson, (whom he pitched 
on for his lieutenant, and they, i. e., the Court, choosing 
whom they pleased, he most readily submitted to the 
Court's choice of Lieut. Upham,) may be dismissed, and 
not suffer by his [encouragement] that he should be his 

On the 9th of November the Massachusetts forces com- 
menced their march into the Indian country. From this 
period till the 19th, all we know of the movements of the 
Lieutenant is to be obtained from the accounts of the 
movements of the detachment in which he served. 

In the fall of this year the three New-England colonies, 
fearing lest Philip, by his machinations during the winter, 
might induce many of the neutral and friendly Indians to 
join his party, and thus become exceedingly formidable, 
decided to strike, at once, a decisive blow against him. It 
seems that the Indians had collected in large numbers in 
a fort, called Canonicus,t according to Hubbard. This 
fort was situated^ " in a great pine and cedar swamp, now 
included in the farm of John Clarke, of Kingston, Rhode 
Island. The swamp is three or four miles to the west of 
the village of South Kingston, formerly called Little Rest, 
near the borders of Richmond, and north of Charleston, 
Rhode Island." 

It was determined to attack the Indian king in his win- 
ter quarters; and for this purpose the colonial forces, con- 
sisting of one thousand men, were to be assembled from 
various quarters, at Wickford, Rhode Island, [now North 
Kingston,] as the centre of operations. 

In accordance with this plan, the Massachusetts quota, 

* Military Records, Liber 2, p. 1. 

t Hubbard's Narrative — table shewing the towns, &c., appended to 
his work. Edit. 1677. 
t Holmes' American Annals, vol. 1, p. 376, note. 


wliich was assembled at Dedham, commenced their march 
southward on the 9th of December, and that night they 
came to Woodcocks ; on the 10th they arrived at Sea- 
conk ; and on the 12th, crossing the Pautiixet river, they 
arrived at Wickford,* Here they remained till the 17th, 
when they were joined by tlie Plymouth and Connecticut 

The next day, i. e. the 18th, according to Hubbard they 
marched to Pettiquamscot, where they hoped to have had 
the shelter of a garrison house ; but this had been burnt 
by the savages, so they were compelled to sleep, " having 
no other defence all that night save the open air, nor other 
covering than a cold and moist fleece of snow." 

The next day, that is, the 19tht, at day break, recom- 
mencing their march, they waded in the snow fourteen or 
fifteen miles, through the territory of the old Queen of Nar- 
haganset, till about one o'clock they came to the edge of a 
swamp, where " their guide informed them they would find 
Indians enough before night." Indeed, they were close 
upon the Indian fort, and firing was immediately commenc- 
ed by the advanced guards. 

The sides of the fort were made " of pallisadoes set up- 
** right, the which was compassed about with a hed^e of 
" almost a rod in thickness, through which there was no 
" passing, unless they could have fired a way through, 
" which then they had no time to do. The place v/here 
'' the Indians used ordinarily to enter themselves, was over 
" a long tree, upon a place of water, where but one man 

=* Hubbard's Narrative, p. 49, et seq. 

t" On tbc 19th the army marched from Major Smyth's, in North 
Kingston, about 18 miles to the Indian fort." — Rhode Island Hist. Coll., 
vol. 4, p. 130. We may reconcile these t-wo statements by supposing 
that Pettiquamscot, where the anny lay on the ni^rht of the 18th, was 
about four miles from the head quarters in North Kingston. 


" could enter at a time, and which was so waylaid that 
" they would have been cut off that had ventured there. 
*' But at one corner there was a gap made up only with a 
*' long tree, about four or five feet from the ground, over 
" which a man might easily pass ; but they had placed a 
" kind of block house right over against said tree, from 
" whence they sorely galled our men that first entered ; 
" some being shot dead upon the tree, as Capt. Johnson ; 
" and some as soon as they entered, as Capt. Deven- 
*' port,"* &c. 

Capt. Johnson being killed at the very commencement 
of the attack, his company was, we presume, led on by 
Lieut. Upham, until he himself was shot down. The 
result of this desperate attack was the capture of the fort 
by the colonists ; but the victory cost them dear, " for no 
" less than six brave captains fell that day, viz. : Captains 
" Devenport, Gardner and Johnson, of the Massachusetts, 
*' besides Lieut. Upham, who died some months after, of 
" his wounds received at that time. Capts. Gallop, Sieley 
" and Marshal, were slain of those that belonged to the 
" Connecticut colony. "t Besides these, there were 80 
soldiers slain and 150 wounded, while it is computed that 
500 Indians perished in the conflict. 

The nature of the wounds which the Lieutenant receiv- 
ed, or at what period in the battle he received them, we 
have not been able to ascertain. At the end of two or three 
hours of fighting, the fort remained in possession of the 
united forces ; but, unfortunately, the commanding officer, 
deeming it untenable, commenced that afternoon a retro- 
grade movement, and just at dusk they left the fort, having 
first set fire to every thing inflammable within its walls. 

* Hubbard's Narrative, p. 52. f Hubbard's Nan-ative, p. 53. 



These hardy men, who had passed the previous night in 
the open air under a winter's sky, and had that forenoon 
marched fifteen or sixteen miles, through a howling wilder- 
ness, to fight a bloody and desperate fight, now be£ran to 
retrace their steps eighteen miles to their quarters at Wick- 
ford, by night, and through the snow, bearing their wound- 
ed and dead. 

On the 20th of December, then, Lieut. Upham was lying 
wounded at Wick ford. The next notice which I find of 
him is the following :* " The names of those that were 
wounded of Capt. Johnson's company, Dec. 19, 1675 — 
Lieut. Phineas Upham, of Maiden," [and 10 others] " who 
were carried to Rhode Island, (i. e., the island in Narra- 
gansett Bay,) January 6, 1675"— (old style, the year com- 
mencing in March.) 

It is probable that soon after he was removed to Massa- 
chusetts, but I find no notice of him till his death is re- 
corded, as follows : 

t " Deaths in Maiden." 
'' Phineas Upham, 8, '76." 
That is, he died in October, 1676 ; and, according to the 
deposition heretofore cited, was about 41 years of age. 
This record undoubtedly refers to the Lieutenant ; though 
in his will Lieut. Phineas Upham is spoken of as being 
" at that time," (i. e., the time of making his will,) " sick 
at Boston, where he deceased," &c. This statement is 
also confirmed by Hubbard, in his Narrative, p. 56. 

In the records of the fall term of the General Court for 
the same year we find the following entry : " In answer to 
" the petition of Ruth Upham, widow and relict of the 
" late Lieut. Phineas Upham, the Court judgeth it meet to 

* Military Records. Liber 2, p. 104. 

I ^lalden births, marriages and deaths — Liber 4. p. 30. 


" order that the bills of charge to chirurgeons, doctors 
** and diet, &.C., mentioned in said petition, be payed by 
*' the treasurer of the county ; and in consideration of the 
" long and good services her husband did for the country, 
** and the great loss the widow sustains by his death, being 
'' left with seven small children, and not able to carry on 
" their affairs, for the support of herself and family, do 
" further order the treasurer of the county to pay unto the 
** said widow ten pounds in, or as money."* 

We shall close our account of the Lieutenant with a few 
words in relation to his wife, Ruth Wood. We find her 
death recorded in the town records. Her tombstone is in 
the old church yard at Maiden, the inscription on which is 
as follows : " Here lyes the body of Ruth Upham, aged 60 
years : Died Jan. 18 : 169G-7." She must have been 
born, according to this inscription, in 1636-7, and have 
been of about the same age with her husband. 

Of her parentage I know nothing. We may perhaps 
be allowed, from the identity of the names, to conjecture 
that she was the daughter of the persons named in the fol- 
lowing record : '* Ruth Wood, wife of Edward, died at 
Charlestown, Aug. 29, 1642." This and many other facts 
in relation to her might, I have no doubt, be ascertained 
by a careful examination of the proper documents. 

It would seem that Lieutenant Upham possessed in a 
hi(rh degree that genius of enterprise so characteristic of 
his father. Worcester, called in his will " Consugameg, 
alias Lydbury," a fair and beautiful town, owes its founda- 
tion in no small degree, as it clearly appears, to his activity 
and energy. 

^ Court Records, Liber 4, p. 105. 

t Maiden births, marriages and deaths— Liber 1, p. 1. 


In the military service of his country it is manifest that 
he was esteemed a meritorious and efficient officer, having, 
in his short career, attracted the favorable notice of the 
government, and been once associated with an officer of 
the Plymouth Colony in command of a highly hazardous 
expedition into the enemy's country. 

In battle Lieutenant Upham exhibited the character of a 
brave man and patriot, purchasing with mortal wounds 
the palm of victory ; and the government was not unmind- 
ful of his great sacrifice, but bore testimony upon her 
records " to the long and good services he did to the 
country, and the great loss sustained by his friends in his 

Though cut off in early manhood, he gave to the world 
full assurance of a man, to whom each succeeding year 
would have brousfht new and more abundant honor. 


Taken from an instrument execnted bv him " lOd. 4m. 1671," or Jud^ 
10th, 1671. 

The remarks made as to the signature of John Upham 
are applicable to that of Phineas. The orthography of 
his given name is different from that which prevails at the 
present time. It was spelled Phynehas, as was customary 
at that day. 



Phineas Upham, eldest son of *" Lieutenant Upham, 
and Ruth Wood, his wife, was born the 22d of the 2d 
month, 1659 ;" but the same birth is recorded in the Mid- 
dlesex Records as having occurred the f 22d of the 3d 
month, 1659. This discrepancy may be readily recon- 
ciled by supposing that in the one instance the month of 
April was considered as the 1st month, which mode of 
reckoning was sometimes adopted ; and in the other, the 
month of March. In which case, by either mode of com- 
putation, it would appear that he was born on the 22d day 
of May, 1659. 

In the eighteenth year of his age his father died, leaving 
him the following property, as described in his will : j: " To 
his eldest son, Phineas, he did give his new dwelling-house, 
with the land belonging to it, and meadow, and half the 
stock, when he should come of the age of one and twenty 

The record of his marriage I have not been able to find, 
but the following document in relation to a partition of 
property gives us the name of his wife. |1" These are to 
certify all persons whom it may concern, that we subscri- 
bers, the children and heirs of our honored mother, Eliza- 
beth Barrett — late Mellins — late of Charlestown, in the 
county of Middlesex, in New-England, viz., John Mellins, 

* Liber 1, Charlestown Records of births, &c. — (the pages are irregu- 
lar in enumeration.) 

t Liber 1, " " " p. 38. 

X Middlesex Wills, Lib. 6, p. 14. 
II « « Lib. 8, p. 210. 



Thomas Mellins, William Mellins, Phineas Upham, in right 
of his wife, Mary Mellins," &c., dated June 18th, 1694. 

It will appear from the account we shall give of the 
family of Phineas Upham, that his marriage with Mary 
Mellins must have taken place as early as 1683, and we 
presume the year previous. The names of his children, as 
mentioned in his will, are as follows, viz. : Phineas, James, 
Mary, the second of that name, Ebenezer, Jonathan, Wil- 
liam, and Elizabeth ; and their births occurred probably 
in the order named. 

It appears by his will that Phineas was the oldest son, 
but we have found no record of his birth. 

We find records of the birth of other children, as fol- 
lows : * Mary, born June 18th, 1685 ; who died at an early 
age, as appears from the following inscription on her tomb- 
stone : 

t " Mary, daughter of Mary and Phineas Upham, Aged 2 
Died August 20th, 1687." 
The next child, James, was t " born August 8th, 1687." 
There could have been no child intermediate to Mary and 
James ; and Phineas being the oldest son, his birth must 
have preceded that of both Mary and James ; and prob- 
ably took place about 1683. 

Ebenezer is named in the will, as next in order to James, 
but I have found no record of his birth. 

11 Jonathan was born Sept. 2d, 1694 ; § William, Oct. 3, 

* Lib. 4. p. 119. record of births, &c., Supreme Court Archives, East 
t Midden old grave yard. 

I Maiden Record of births, Lib. 1. p. 130 ; also, records as above. 
Lib. 4. p. 130. 

II Maiden Record of births, Lib. 1. p. 7. 
^ " " " Lib. L p. 7. 


1697; * Elizabeth, March 6, 1699-1700. These appear 
to have constituted his whole family. 

It appears from the public records that Phineas Upham 
was one of the selectmen of Maiden for the years t 1692- 
93-94-95 and 96. He was chosen | town treasurer in 
1697-98-99, 1700 and 1701. During the same time he 
was employed in the settlement of various estates. There 
are on record several 1| inventories drawn up by him ; one 
in 1693, one in 1697, another in 1698, one in 1699, two 
in 1700, &LC. In 1697 he was on a committee for the 
§ partition of certain lands, and in 1699 was appointed a 

In 1701 he was chosen representative of Maiden, as ap- 
pears from the following extract : 

^ " May 25th, 1701. His honor, the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor, being informed that the representatives were come 
to the chamber, he ordered Col. John Pincheon, and Elisha 
Cook, Esq., of the Council, and the Secretary, to administer 
unto them the oath appointed by act of parliament to betak- 
en, instead of the oath of allegiance and supremacy, and to 
cause them to repeat and subscribe the declaration in said 
act, and also to sign the association, that so they might be 
qualified to proceed to the choice of a Speaker," &c. 

Among the names of the representatives returned to 
serve for the several towns is the following : 

" For Maiden, Mr. Phineas Upham." 

He held the same office in 1702, as appears by the record 
of the session of said Court, holden on the 27th of May, 

^ Middlesex Wills, Lib. 10, p. 17. 
t Maiden Town Records, Lib. 1, pp. 38, 42, 48 to 78. 
X " " " Lib. 1, pp. 78, 82, 86 to 99. 

li Middlesex Wills, Lib. 8, p. 189 ; Lib. 9, pp. 108, 135, 282 and 283; 
Lib. 10, p. 16. 

4 Middlesex Wills, Lib. 10, p. 43, and Lib. 9, p. 135. 
IT General Court Kecords, Lib. 7, p. 173. 



of that year, at which session his name appears on the list 
of representatives.* 

He was one of the t selectmen for the same years, as also 
for the years 1703 and 4. 

In 1705 we find that he was again among the representa- 

" Anno regni Anna? Reginae Quarto. 

'' At a Great and General Court, holden at Boston, on 
Wednesday, the 13th day of May, 1705. Names of the 
Representatives returned. County of Middlesex. 
" Maiden, Mr. Phineas Upham." 

He was again |1 selectman for the years 1709 and 1710, 
at which time he is called Deacon. For the years 1711, 
14 and 15, he was § moderator of the town meeting. In 
May, 1716, he was again chosen ^ representative, and in 
1717 was moderator and selectman. 

For the fifth time he was chosen representative in May, 

According to the inscription on his tombstone in the old 
grave yard in Maiden, he died in 1720. 




His wife survived him, and was living on the 14th of 
November, 1720, at which time, appearing before the mag- 

* General Court Records. Lib. 7. p. 242. 

t Maiden To^^^l Records, vol. 1, p. 102-106-111-116. 

i General Court Records, Lib. S, p. 1 62. 

II Maiden Town Records, vol. 1, p. 135 and 6. 

§ " " " " 1, p. 154-164-166. 

IF '• " " " 1, p. 168-172. 

m « « « « Lp. 177. 


istrate, " she declared herself content with her legacy."* 
I have not found the record of her death. 

The character of Deacon Phineas Upham is sufficiently 
indicated by the estimation in which he was holden by his 
cotemporaries ; and we shall close our brief notice of his 
life without farther remark, merely adding a fac simile of 
his autograph, taken from his will, which document is evi- 
dently in his own handwriting. It will be observed he 
omits the final " e" in spelling his name, and gives to it its 
present form. 


We commence the history of Phineas Upham, the third 
of that name, with the confession that we have not fully 
examined the records subsequent to his birth, and that 
there remains abundant room for farther investigation in 
relation to him. 

Phineas Upham, eldest son of Deacon Phineas and Mary 
Upham, was born, as we have good reason to suppose, at 
Maiden, in the year 1683. He was married at an early 
age, as appears from the record :t " Phineas Upham and 
Tamzen Hill were joyned in marriage, ye 23d of Novem- 
ber, 1703, by Mr. Wigglesworth." Soon afterwards he 

* Record of Will of Pliineas Upham. 
t Maiden marriages, vol. 1, p. 4. 


removed from that part of his native town known by the 
name of Maiden Center, to North Maiden, of which, ac- 
cording to Mr. Edmonds, he was one of the first inhab- 

The children of Phineas and Tamzen Upham were nu- 
merous : and among their descendants are many who have 
received tokens of confidence and esteem of their country- 
men. They were the ancestors of the Rev. Timothy Up- 
ham, of Deerfield, N. H., and Hon. Nathaniel Upham, of 
Rochester, N. H., and Gen. Timothy Upham, his sons, and 
Prof. Thomas C. Upham, and Hon. Nathaniel G. Upham, 
his grandsons : Dr. Jabez Upham, of Brookfield, Mass., and 
Hon. Joshua Upham, of New-Brunswick, his son, and Rev. 
Charles W. Upham, of Salem, his grandson : Phineas Up- 
ham, former President of the Boston Bank ; Hon. George 
B. Upham, Hon. Jabez Upham, Rev. Edward Upham, 
&-C., &LC. Hon. William Upham, U. S. Senator from Ver- 
mont, is a descendant of John and Lieut. Phineas Upham, 
by a collateral branch of the family. 

The children of Phineas and Tamzen Upham were, 
Tabatha, born Dec. 11, 1704. 



March 5, 1705-6. 


Jan. 14, 1707-8 ; died, 1738. 


Aug. 29, 1710 ; died, 1781. 


July ;31, 1714. 


Jan. 3, 1717 ; died Nov. 4, 1760. 


Sept. 29, 1718. 


May 21, 1720. 


Oct. 25, 1721. 


April 25, 1723. 

There were 


two children, Zebadiah and Tamzen, 

*>Malden births, Sec, vol. 1, p. 30. 


born, the one in the year 1711, the other in 1713, who 
survived their birth but a few days. 

Of the children whose names we have enumerated, we 
shall speak particularly of but two, viz. : Timothy, whose 
history will be given at length hereafter, and Jabez. The 
latter was educated a physician, as we learn by the follow- 
ing sentence from his father's will : " And the reason why 
I give my son Jabez Upham no more in this my last will, 
is because I have given him to the value of a hundred 
pounds, in bringing him up to the art of a Doctor or Physi- 
cian." * He settled in Brookfield, and there became dis- 
tinguished in the practice of his profession, at the same 
time he held a prominent place among the members of the 
General Court, to which he was elected from his chosen 
place of residence. He died Nov. 4, 1760, at the early 
age of 44. His children were — James, Edward, Jabez, 
Phineas, Joshua, Mrs. Barnard, and Mrs. Foxcraft. Jabez 
was one of the founders of Woodstock, N. B., where some 
of his descendants still live ; others of whom resided in 
the parish of Upham, in the same province. Phineas, who 
died the 24th of June, 1810, aged 71, was the father of 
Mr. Phineas Upham, of Boston ; of Hon. Jabez Upham, of 
Brookfield ; Hon. George B. Upham, of Claremont, N. H., 
and Samuel Upham, a graduate of Dartmouth College. 
Joshua was born in 1741, graduated at Harvard University 
in 1763, and was admitted to the bar in Worcester in 1765. 
He commenced the practice of law in his native town, but 

* Those more particularly interested in the history of Dr. Jabez Up- 
ham, will find reference made to him in the following documents : 
General Com-t Records, Lib. 20, p. 451 and 456. 
" 21,p. 44, 182, 457. 
» " " " 22, p. 2, 18, 358, 611. 

« " " " 23, p. 388. 

Also, in a sermon preached at Brookfield, July 1, 1810, by Micah 
Stone — printed by Merriam, Brookfield. 



subsequently removed to Boston, and then to New-York, 
where he was aid-de-canip to Sir Guy Carleton, and after- 
wards a colonel of dragoons in the British army. After 
the organization of the government of the province of 
New-Brunswick, he was appointed judge of its highest 

" In 1807, he was selected by his brethren on the 
bench to visit England, for the purpose of obtaining from 
the government a more perfect organization and arrange- 
ment of the judiciary in the British American provinces. 
He fully succeeded in the object of his appointment, but 
did not live to return to this country. He died in London, 
in the year 180S, and was buried in the church of Alary- 
le-bone. Judge Upham was twice married. His first wife 
was a daughter of Col. Murray, of Rutland, Massachu- 
setts; and the second a daughter of Hon. Joshua Chandler, 
of New-Haven, Connecticut. Cunrrn^s Journal and Let- 
ters, J). 519. See also Xorth American Review, for Oct., 
1844, p. 283. He was the father of the Rev. Charles W. 
Upham, of Salem, author of the life of Sir Henery Vane. 

To return : The earliest notice which I find concerning 
the public life of Phineas Upham, bears date of 1707-8, 
and states that " Ensign Phineas Upham was chosen a se- 
lectman"* that year. He was t chosen to the same office 
the ensuing year, i. e. 1709-10. In 1711-12, " Phineas 
Upham, Jr., was chosen Assessor."! For the years 1725 
and '26, for 1728, '29 and '30, he was |i chosen moderator 
of the town meetings. He was again chosen to the same 
office for the years 1748 and 17.52, as appears from the 
town records. His name also occurs on the records as 

* Maiden Town Records, vol. 1. p. 127. 
t " " " " 1, p. 131. 

i " " " " 1. p. 149. 

II " " " " \i. 2U. et infra. 

§ Middlesex Wills. Lib. 14. p. 264. 
ir '■ '■ '• 15, p. 17-19. 


witness to various legal instruments, as to the *will of 
Lazarus Grover, May, 1715 ; and in 1716,t the will of 
Nathaniel Upham is witnessed by Phineas Upham and 
Phineas Upham, Jr. 

These are the only notices which we have thus far col- 
lected, but we doubt not that others might be found on in- 
stituting the proper search. We will add, however, that, 
according to his will, he was " in good health of body, and 
in perfect mind and memory," in the year 1751. As this 
document was lodged in the probate office the 29th of 
April, 1766, it is probable that his death occurred that 
year. His wife, it would seem according to the | record, 
did not long survive him. "Tamzen, who had been the 
wife of Phineas Upham, deceased the 24th of April, 1768." 
She was 83 years of age at the time of her death. 

Mr. John Edmonds, of Maiden, an old soldier, now 89 
years of age, informs me that when a boy he often saw 
Phineas Upham. He states that he was of the medium 
height ; his hair abundant, but of a pure white, and his 
costume that of his times, viz. — breeches, cocked hat, &c. 
He used to walk about the village with the assistance of an 
ivory headed cane, and he had a favorite seat beneath a 
wide-spreading tree, where he was often seen reposing. 
He " valued himself," says Mr. Edmonds, '' on his French 


Timothy Upham, son of Phineas and Tamzen Upham, 
was born at Maiden, on the 29th of August, 1710. On 

* Middlesex Wills, Lib. 14, p. 264. 
t Middlesex Wills, Lib. 15, pp. 17-19. 
J Record of deaths, &c., in Maiden, vol. 2, p. 12. 
II Maiden record of births, vol. 1, p. 30. 


the 29th of September, 1739, there was * published " an 

intention of marriage between Timothy Upham, of Maiden, 

and t Mary Cheever, of Lynn;" and J December 24, 1739, 

the ceremony was performed by the Rev. Edward Cheever. 

The children of Timothy and Mary Upham were : Lydia, 

who was born Oct. 11, 1740, but died the next day. 

II Lydia. bom April 23. 1743 : mamed a Mr. Richardson. 
Jesse, born March 18, 1745 : 'died Aiifr. 23, 182.5. aired 80. 
Timothy, born Feb. 9. 1747-8 ; died Feb. 21, ISlL'^aged 63. 
Maiy, born Dec. 14, 1750 : died June 13. 17.53. 
Mary, born Sept. 5, 1756 ; mamed Aaron Boardman, and died in 

Den-r, Vt. 
Jabez, bom Oct. 26, 1760 : died in Charleston, S. C. 

In 1740, "• James Green and Timothy Upham were 
chosen to put into execution the new law referring to the 
better preservation of deer in this province." Town Records, 
vol. 1. In 1745 he was made surveyor of highways. Idem. 
In the year 1749-50 he was appointed constable ; and in 
1751 he was executor of his father's will. At this time 
he probably became a member of Mr. Roby's church, 
which was then the third of Lynn ; but is now the first of 
Saugus. This church was organized and the Rev. Mr. 
Roby ordained over it in 1752. Its records contain the 
following entry : ^ " Jan. 22d, 1759, the church consented, 
at the request of the church in Stoneham, to send two 
deacons and Mr. Timothy Upham to assist in the instal- 
ment of the Rev. John Searle. 

He died ^ July 3, 1781 , and was buried in the old grave- 
yard at Saugus. Timothy Upham was a farmer, in easy 

=* Maiden Record of maniages, vol. 1, p. 2. 

t GmwJogy of Mary Cheever. Mary Cheever, who was the daughter 
of Thomas\md Mary Cheever, was bom April 10, 1720. Her father 
was man-ied to Ivlrs. Maiy Baker, Aug. 6, 1712. He died Nov. 8, 1753, 
and his \\ife May 10, 1 75-3. 

% L}-nn Record of marriages, vol. 3, p. 39. 

II Maiden Record of births, pp. 126, 129, 130, 140. 149, 178, 193. 

% Saugus Ch. Rec, vol. 1, p. 15. ^ Maiden Rec. of deaths, vol. 2, p. 22. 


circumstances ; of a character mild and generous, but firm 
and upright ; and probably of a good constitution, as at 
the time of his decease he was 70 years, 10 months and 
4 days old. 

His wife, who survived him many years, died in South 
Reading, at the house, as I presume, of her daughter, Mrs. 
Boardman. This event is thus recorded in the * church 
books of that place: " April 22d, 1801, widow Mary Up- 
ham died of palsy, aged 80." That is, in her 80th year. 


Rev. Timothy Upham, the third child of Timothy Upham 
and Mary Cheever, was born f in Maiden, Massachusetts, 
February 20th, 1748. At the age of 15 he accidentally 
received a severe flesh wound in one of his limbs, in con- 
sequence of which he was confined to his bed for a long 
time. The tedium of this illness he relieved by the dili- 
gent perusal of various literary works. 

The Rev. Mr. Roby, of Saugus, who frequently visited 
him during his confinement, observing that his mind was 
naturally turned towards intellectual pursuits, took the 
opportunity to represent to him the advantages of a liberal 
education, and urged him to prepare himself for college; 
at the same time promising him all necessary assistance in 
his preliminary studies. This advice was accepted ; and 
we find that in 17(34, at the age of 16, he entered the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

* South Reading Church Records, vol. 1 . 
t Maiden Record of births, &c., vol. 1, p. 140. 


In 1768, at the early age of 20, he was graduated ;* hav- 
ing, according to the testimony of his classmates, sus- 
tained a creditable rank throughout his course. 

Having left his alma mater, he commenced and com- 
pleted the study of theology with the Rev. Mr. Trask, of 
Brentwood, New-Hampshire. 

Having obtained license to preach, he immediately re- 
ceived calls to settle over churches in Portsmouth, Deer- 
field, and several other places ; but, impelled by a sense 
of duty, he accepted the invitation from the church in 
Deerfield ; and in 1772, being 24 years of age, he was or- 
dained pastor of the congregational church there, being 
the first minister ever settled in that place. Previous to 
the period of his settlement in Deerfield, Mr. Upham had 
been introduced to the family of Mrs. Gookin, (relict of 
the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, of North Hampton,) who, at 
that time, resided beneath the hospitable roof of her brother, 
Mr. John Wingate, of Stratham. In consequence of this 
introduction, he was made acquainted with Miss Hannah 
Gookin, who ultimately became his wife. 

Miss Hannah and Elizabeth Gookin,t her twin sister — 
descendants of Maj. Gen. Daniel Gookin, and daughters 
of the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, of North Hampton, and of 
Love Wingate, his wife — were J born at North Hampton, 
April 22d, 1754. The early education of Miss Gookin 
was superintended by her father ; and, after his death, 
(which occurred when she was 12 years of age,) by her 
uncle, Mr. John Wingate, both of whom were distinguished 
graduates of Cambridge. She also received the benefit 
of the instructions of her aunt, Mrs. Col. Pickering, of 

* Catalogue of Cainbrid;>e College. 

t Elizabeth married Dr. Edmond Chad-wick, of Deerfield; N. H. 

t North Hampton Town EecordS; vol. 1. 


May 18, 1773, Miss Gookin, aged 19, was * united in 
marriage to the Rev. Timothy Upham, by the Rev. Mr. 
Thayer, of Hampton. The children of Timothy and Han- 
nah Upham were: Nathaniel, t born at Deerfield, June 9th, 
1774 ; Timothy, Mary, Mary and John, (twins — the latter 
four died in childhood;) Timothy and Hannah. 

The life of Mrs. Upham was passed tranquilly in spiritual 
and domestic duties ; but at an early age warning was 
given her of approaching death, by the appearance of a 
lingering and painful disease, which, after months of suffer- 
ing, terminated her life in the 44th year of her age. 

The last hours of her life are thus described in a ser- 
mon, preached by her husband subsequent to her death. 

" In her most trying and distressing sickness, her pa- 
tience and resignation was as remarkable as were her 

* Hampton Town Records, vol 2, p. 264. 
t Deeiiield Town Records, vol. 1, p. 194. 

Genealogy of Hannah Gookin. 

1. Maj. Gen. Daniel Gookin, born in Kent, ^ 

England, 1612 ; obt. at Cambridge, 19th > Hannah, his wife. 
March, 1687, iE. 75. ) 

2. Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, born at Cam- ] 

bridge, 1658. Al. & Pel. of Harvard, I Hannah, daughter of 
1673. Ordained at Camb., Nov. 17, 1682. f Capt. Habijah Savage 
Obt. Aug. 7, 1692, iE. 34. J 

3. Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, born at Cam- 1 

bridge, April 22, 1687. Harv. 1703. ! ^.^ -n . fi n ^, 
Orddned at Hampton, 1710 ; died Aug. f ^''' ^"^^^^^3' ^^"^"• 
25, 1734, iE. 47. J 

4. Rev. Nath'l Gookin, l)orn Feb. 18, 1713. "j 1st wife, Judith Coffin, 
Al. Harvard, 1731. Ordained at North ! daughter of Capt. Elipha- 
Hampton, 1739; died 22d Oct., 1766, [let Coffin, of Exeter, N.H. 
JE. 53. J 2d Avife, Love Wingate. 

Hannah Gookin. 

Gookin Arms. The history of Kent, by John Harris, d.d : r. r. s., 
London : printed and sold by 1). Midwinter, at the three crowns, in 
St. Paul's Church yard, mdccxix, contains (index, page xiiij the fol- 
lowing : 

" Gookin, gules, a cheveron between three cocks, or." 



trials. She assured me, in the midst of all her pain and 
distress, that she had no desire that lier circumstances 
should be any different from what God should see fit to 
order them. 

'' She had a high and affecting sense of her own un- 
worthiness, and also of the goodness and mercy of God in 
Christ. In a letter, written with a trembling hand, a few 
months before, to an intimate friend, (Mrs. Gen. McClary,) 
she says, "From my early infancy has the Spirit of God 
been striving with me. "What a wonder of mercy, when 
I was such a rebel, that sentence had not gone forth, ' Let 
her alone, my Spirit shall not always strive with her ;' but, 
blessed be his holy name, such was not my woful case. I 
was convinced of my wretched state, and that I had no 
power nor might against such a host of temptations as came 
against me ; but my eyes and heart were lifted up to Him 
who undertook our salvation, and from whom all our mer- 
cies come, that he would enable me to take hold of his 
strength, and to feel that Jesus must save me, or I must 
perish. I have often had the most comfortable assurance 
that he had heard and graciously answered my request. I 
have often repeated those lines — 

* •• VHiv was I made to hear thy voice, 
And enter while there "s room '("' 

I3th Hymn, Sd Book of Watts' Hymns. 

" In my long and trying sickness I have had great calm- 
ness of mind. Is it a fatal calmness, or am I reahy fixed 
upon the Rock of Ages ? O ! that this question was solved, 
so as to leave no doubt. Sometimes I tremble when I think 
how soon my final sentence must be pronounced. 

• ! for some message from above 
To bear m.y spirit up : 

Some pledge of my Eedeemer's love.' " 

^ Hymn commencing thus : " How sweet and awful is the place."' 


*' As she drew nearer the close of her life her fears of 
death entirely disappeared, and she longed to depart and 
be with Christ ; with whom she is now doubtless enjoying 
that happiness which her soul so earnestly panted after."* 

On the morning of the 4th of August, 1797, her eyes 
closed in death. 

The personal appearance of Mrs. Upham was indicative 
of great physical and mental activity. She was of the 
medium stature ; her forehead very high, her hair and eyes 
black, nose acquiline, mouth small, complexion dark. 

Her mind was ever active, her apprehension quick, and 
her ideas marked by their logical sequence. Her tastes 
were refined, and her disposition gentle and lovely. Her 
piety was a pure, fervent and seZ/'-consuming flame. 
" Cujus vestigia semper adoroy 

Her final resting place is marked by a simple stone, 
which bears the following inscription : 


Who departed this life Aug. 4, 1797, in the 44th year of her age. 

" If trath, love, virtue, each attractive grace, 
That warms the heart, or animates the face ; 
If tears, or sighs, or ardent prayers could save 
The kind, the generous, from the silent grave ; 
Then death, relentless, must have lost his prey, 
' And with it lost his cruel power to slay 
One who shall rise and shine in realms above. 
Forever happy in her Saviour's love." 

[ Written by Elizabeth Champney Willittins.] 

Previous to this great affliction, Mr. Upham had pub- 
lished several sermons, extracts from which may serve to 
illustrate his character and style of preaching. The first 
of these bears the following title : 

" A sermon, delivered before the Columbian Lodge, at 

* A manuscript sermon, preached at Deei-field, by Rev. T. Upham, 
in 1797, from Psalm 88 : 18. " Lover and friend hast thou put far from 
me, and mine acquaintance into darkness." 


Deertield, Dec. 27, 179'2, at the Festival of St. John the 
Evangelist, by the Rev. Timothy Upham, A. M., Pastor 

of the Church in that place. Portsmouth : printed by John 
Melcher. 1T93." 

It was published by the Lodge, as appears from the fol- 
lowing note : 

'^ In Columbian Lodge, Dec. 27, 5792. The Columbian 
Lodge, having a grateful sense of the favor bestowed on 
them this day, by the Rev. Mr. Upham, do appoint the 
Right Worshipful Joseph Cilley, brother Nathaniel Weare, 
and brother Benjamin Butler, a committee to wait on him, 
and, in behalf of the Lodge, thank him for the ingenious 
and elegant discourse which he has, at their request, de- 
livered this day before them, at the celebration of the Fes- 
tival of St. John the Evangelist, and desire him to favor 
them with a copy for the press. 

Attest : Nath'l Weare, Secretary." 

The closing remarks of this sermon shew at once his 
candor and the exceeding felicity with which he expressed 
himself under embarrassing circumstances. After having 
preached an appropriate sermon from these words, " For 
this is the message ye have heard from the beginning, that 
we should love one another," (1st John, 3: 11,) he con- 
cludes thus : 

" Much respected friends : As to the end and design of 
your institution, the principles of Masonry, or the Festi- 
val you this day profess to celebrate, you can expect noth- 
ing from me. To say any thing in commendation of that 
which I know nothing of, would be insincere ; and to cen- 
sure it, would be illiberal and unjust. Passing over, there- 
fore, in silence every thing with respect to you as a par- 
ticular band of brothers, a Lodge of Free and Accepted 


Masons, you will permit me to address you as candidates 
for crowns laid up in heaven for all that love GOD and 
one another ; and to recommend to your most serious con- 
sideration and particular attention the religion of JESUS, 
our common Lord and Master, which binds all the true 
subjects of it together in the bonds of love, and requires 
and disposes them to render to all their dues." p. 22. 

Another sermon of his, published in 1793, contains a 
lucid exposition of one of the most interesting doctrines 
of our religion. It is entitled, " A discourse delivered by 
Timothy Upham, A. M., pastor of the church in Deerfield, 
to the people of his charge, Anno Domini m.dcc.xciii. 
On the blessing of Abraham, and the Right of Believing 
Gentiles to the promise of the Spirit. Published at the 
request of many of his hearers. Concord : printed by 
George Hough, m.dcc.xciv." 

The subject of this discourse is taken from Gal. 3 : 14. 
*'That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gen- 
tiles through Jesus Christ, that we might receive the 
promise of the Spirit through faith." And an attempt is 
made to ascertain what privileges we are entitled to through 
faith, by the original grant made to Abraham. Especially, 
does he strive to show " That this blessing has come on 
the Gentiles, the blessing of Abraham, as it had respect to 
the children of visible members of the church, as well as 
their parents ; and the children of visible believers, under 
the gospel, have a right to be considered and treated as 
the visible members of the church, or kingdom of Christ." 
(p. 10) ; that the children of the faithful belong to the 
church — are the heirs-apparent to its blessings, and are 
entitled to and ought to be baptized into the name of its 
great Head. 

We might quote at length from his sermons passages of 
great interest to the believer, but our limits forbid. 


In October, 1799, during the third year after the death 
of Mrs. Upham, he was united to his second wife, Miss 
Hephzibah Neal, of Stratham, N. H., by the Rev. James 
Miltemore. Mr. Upham still continued to be much en- 
gaged in his parochial* duties at Deerfield, filling up his 
days with usefulness. In the winter of 1811 he was sud- 
denly attacked with a pneumonia, or inflammation of the 
lungs, which proved fatal, after a duration of three weeks. 
He died at three o'clock, on the afternoon of February 
•21st, 1811, and was buried in the old grave yard at Deer- 
field. His tombstone bears the following inscription : 


First pastor of the Congregational Chnrch in this town, over which 
he was ordained Xovember. 1772, and wa^ continued to them, to mtitual 
satisfaction, for 39 years ; then this mortal put o]i immortahty. In the 
jo}-ful liopc of a glorious resurrection, he departed this life Feb. 21st, 
1811, aged 63. As a testimony i^f their graLef^^l remembrance of his 
long and affectionate seiwices, the Congregational Society to whom he 
ministered, have erected this monument." 

Rev. Timothy Upham was six feet tall, rather spare, 
but perfectly erect. His hair was black, eyes hazel, nose 
straight and rather prominent, and his teeth perfect till the 
day of his death. His voice was remarkably melodious 
and powerful ; his enunciation was clear and distinct. His 
mind was perfectly balanced, his judgment excellent, and 
Ins temper, though naturally quick, was under perfect con- 
trol. Distinguished for the rectitude of his character, for 
quiet dignity, and constant self-possession, he won the ad- 
miration of his people, while his hospitality and benevo- 

* He died intestate. His salar}- was £80 per annum. 

Mrs. Hephzibah Upham died ]\Iay 11, 1811. Her toijibstone bears 
the following inscription : 

•• Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Hephzibah Upham, relict of the Rev. 
Timothy Upham, who, after a long and painful sickness, which she 
bore witli chr-istian fortitude and resignation, departed this life IMay 15, 
1811. aged 57."' 


lence, extending to the very verge of his means, awakened 
their love and esteem. His professional duties were to him 
a source of constant pleasure, and were performed with 
great assiduity. His teachings from the pulpit were chietly 
marked by the exceeding care and anxiety which was man- 
ifested lest he should vary from the revealed doctrines and 
precepts of our holy religioh, and be guilty of preaching 
any thing but the eternal truth of God. To this feeling 
was joined another, equally prominent — love for the welfare 
of the immortal spirit. 

In his funeral sermon,* preached by the Rev. Mr. Holt, 
we find the following interesting remarks : 

" The Father of lights and Giver of every good gift, 
furnished the Rev. Mr. Upham with many and excellent 
qualifications for a minister. It pleased the great Head of 
the Church early to direct his mind to the ministry of the 
gospel ; and for this he has had a great love ever since he 
first engaged it, as I was informed from his own mouth a 
little before his death. His first invitation to settle in the 
gospel ministry was from the church and people in this 
place, and he took the charge and oversight of them, not 
by constraint, but willingly ; and he has ever expressed a 
high sense of the dignity of the ministerial office, and of 
the high responsibility of an ambassador of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. He was ordained over this church and society in 
the twenty-fourth year of his age, and was continued to 
them, as a faithful pastor and a rich blessing, for more than 
thirty-eight years, when he was called away by death, hav- 
ing, the day before his decease, completed sixty-three years. 

'* " A sermon delivered at Deerfield, N. H., February 25, 1811, at the 
funeral of the Rev. Timothy Upham, who deceased February 21, 1811, 
in the sixty-fourth year of his age, and thirty-ninth of his ministry. 
By Peter Holt, A. M., pastor of the church of Christ in Epping. Con- 
cord, N. H. : printed by Isaac & Walter R. Hill. 1811." 


He was willing to spend and be spent in his great and im- 
portant work. After his illness last fall, his friends and 
near connections were much concerned for him ; they 
thought it must be injurious to his health to continue to 
preach, considering his peculiar complaint. A near rela- 
tive wrote, and queried of him whether duty did not re- 
quire him to leave preaching. He returned the following 
answer : *The affectionate regard you have expressed for 
my health is grateful to me, but my duties are as a minis- 
ter and not as a man. God will preserve me as long as he 
has work for me to do ; and as long as strength sufficient 
shall be continued to me, so long, with humble submission, 
I shall continue to speak his word unto this people.' 

" Wisdom and prudence are highly requisite for a gospel 
minister. So necessary is prudence, that some pious and 
learned men have thought that, though a man might have 
every other qualification, yet, if he has not a good measure 
of prudence, he ought never to be put into the gospel min- 
istry. This was an eminent qualification in the deceased 
pastor of this church, as is manifested from the uninter- 
rupted harmony which has continued between him and his 
dear people to the close of his life. In him was united 
much of the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness 
of the dove. 

'' Add to this, the Rev. Mr. (Jpham was a very humane, 
benevolent and affectionate minister. The church and 
people of his charge were dear to him. He entered deeply 
into their troubles and afflictions. You all know his ten- 
derness, kindness and benevolence. You know his readi- 
ness and faithfulness in visiting the sick and the afflicted, 
and how affectionately, ardently and constantly he prayed 
for them. And as this rendered him peculiarly dear to his 
people while he lived, so it must render the remembrance 


of him precious to you now, when he is gone. He had a 
great concern for the spiritual welfare and prosperity of this 
church and people. This concern remained till the last 
hours of life, and increased as his sun declined. In his 
last illness, which was short and very severe, he expressed 
to me his firm belief in the doctrines which he had preach- 
ed, and said that they afforded him comfort. He felt very 
sensible that he had come far short in duty, but he had that 
hope in God's infinite mercy in Christ, which gave him 
peace and comfort in the near view of eternity. He had a 
great concern for his dear church and people, when he 
should be gone ; and desired me to pray for them, that they 
might be preserved in love and harmony, and that they 
might have the ministrations and ordinances of the gospel 
continued to them. 

" It is required of a gospel minister that he be given to 
hospitality. This was an eminent trait in the character of 
your deceased pastor. They who visited him, whether 
strangers or acquaintances, were kindly received and cour- 
teously entertained at his house. In short, you are wit- 
nesses how piously and exemplary he has ever lived among 
you. But he is no more. We trust he is now reaping the 
reward of the faithful." 



Nathaniel, eldest child of the Rev. Timothy and Han- 
nah Upham, was *born in Deerfield, N. H., June 9, 1774. 

His education he received chiefly in his native town, and 
beneath the paternal roof; but, in the year 1793, being 19 
years of age, he entered the academy at Exeter, where he 
remained under the instruction of Dr. Abbott for six months. 
In January, 1794, as appears from a letter of his mother's 
to him, dated Feb. 28, 1795, he entered into mercantile 
business in Gilmanton, with his uncle, the Hon. Daniel 

Early in the year 1796, having left Gilmanton, he com- 
menced business for himself at Deerfield, in that part of 
the town known by the name of the Parade. He, however, 
remained there but a short time, and in the fall of 1797, 
after his mother's death, he removed to the neighborhood of 
Pleasant Pond, another part of the same town. 

During his residence in Gilmanton he became acquainted 
with Miss Judith Cogswell, whom he subsequently married. 

Judith Cogswell was born at Gilmanton, March 9, 1776. 
She was the only daughter of the Hon. Thomas Cogswell, 
Lieutenant Colonel in the Revolutionary Army, and subse- 
quently for many years Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, and of Ruth, liis cousin and wife, daughter of the Hon. 
Joseph Badger, of Gilmanton. 

Miss Cogswell's youth was spent in Gilmanton, if we 
may except the six months she passed at Atkinson, under 
the instruction of Dr. Vose. On the •22d day of March, 
1798, she was united in marriage to Nathaniel Uphara, in 

* Deerfield To-^sti Records. 


Gilmanton, at the residence of her father, by the Rev. Mr. 

In the spring of 1801, Mr. Upham closed his business in 
Deerfield, to re-commence it in Portsmouth, in company 
with Mr. Garland, [Portsmouth Journal, May 26, 1801 ;) 
but this connection was dissolved the subsequent March, 
i.e. 1802. {Portsmouth Journal, Blarch, 1802.) During 
the same year he removed to Rochester, in Strafford county, 

Genealogy of Miss Judith Cogswell.^ 

1. John Cogswell, ^ Elizabeth 
merchant, of London, I died 
came to N. E. in 1635, [ June 2, 
in a vessel called the J 1676. 
Angel Gabriel, and was wrecked at 
Pemaquid, now Bristol. He set-' 
tied at Ipswich, where he died Nor, 
29, 1669, aged about 58. 
2. William, born 1619; ) 
died about 1700. ) 

3. Lieut. John, born ^ 
1650 5 died, 1710, aged > Hannah. 
60. S 

4. Nathaniel, born Jan. 1 j j 


sister of 
Hon. Jos, 

1. Giles Badger came from Eng- 
land, and settled in Newbury, Ms., 
j^rcvious to June 30, 1643 ; died 
July 17, 1647. 

2. Sergent John, bom ^ Elizabeth 
June 30, 1643 ; died > died Apr. 
March 31, 1691. ) 8, 1669. 

3. John Badger, b. 


A -A ca Tc-aK I to Rebccca 

April 26, 1665 — was J-t. r\ * 

\ 1 1 ' , ^1 Bro"\\ai, Oct. 

probably a merchant. 5 iaoi 

19, 170/ — was a mer- 
chant in Haverhill 
Ms. Died at Atkinson 
Mar. 23, 1783, aged 7 6 

5. Hon. Thomas Cogswell, born 
in Haverhill, August 4, 1746 ; mar- 
ried Ruth Badger, Feb. 1769 : Avas 
a lieutenant colonel in the revolu-! 
tionary army, and subsequently 1 
judge of the court of common 
pleas. He died Sept. 3, 1810. See 
note 6. 

4. Joseph, born 1698 ; 
died April 7, 1760, aged 
62. Was a merchant 
in Haverhill, Mass. 

who died 
Jan. 15, 

5. Hon. Joseph, born Jan. II, 
1722 ; died April 4, 1803, aged 88. 
He was judge of the court of com- 
mon ]:)leas. He married widow 
Hannah Pearson, who Avas the 
daughter of his mother-in-law by 
her first husband, and was bom in 
Lynn, July 23, 1722, Her maiden 
name was Moody. 

6. Ruth, born at Haverhill, Ms., 
Sept. 14, 1751. Died at Gilman- 
ton, N. H., Oct. 15, 1839, aged 88. 

Judith Cogswell. 

* See a sermon, delivered at the funeral of Dr. William Cogswell, 
Jan., 1831 ; also, memoir of Hon, Joseph Badger, a folio sheet ; also, 
N. H. Patriot, of the 26th December, 1836. 


and there permanently established hhnself in mercantile 
pursuits. His efforts in the prosecution of his chosen oc- 
cupation were crowned with eminent success ; but his 
mind, naturally inclined to dwell on higher problems, earn- 
estly sought to penetrate the nature of the changes which 
time and party were working in the country, the result of 
which brought him into the field of political life. 

His political opinions will be better understood by refer- 
ring to the great questions which, during his public career, 
agitated the country, and divided it into two parties. The 
claim of the British government to the right of search, 
which had been persisted in for many years, caused, in 
1807, under the administration of Mr. Jefferson, the assault 
on the Chesapeake, which was soon succeeded by the 
seizure of many of our merchant vessels and the constant 
impressment of our seamen, so that our commerce had 
become the common prey of the British cruisers. All 
this had been tolerated in hopes of a peaceable redress. 
The engagement of the President and the Little Belt, (1811) 
however, filled up the measure of the nation's wrath, and 
kindled in the bosom of the people an instinctive thirst for 
justice, which, without immediate reparation, could not be 
satisfied. An embargo of ninety days was laid, and was 
succeeded by a declaration of war, in 1812. The latter 
act was thought to be uncalled for by a large party in the 
country, who bore the distinctive name of federal. The 
opposing, or republican party, however, strenuously advo- 
cated an appeal to arms. Mr. Upham was an active mem- 
ber of the latter party, and was cliosen one of its represent- 
atives in the state legislature, for the town of Rochester, 
in the years 1807-8 and 9. During the two first years John 
Langdon was governor. The succeeding year the federal 
party elected Jeremiah Smith governor, by a small majority. 


The state legislation, during this period, was of a local 
character, but was distinguished by a new spirit of enter- 
prise in the grant of various charters for canals and turn- 
pikes, which were favored by Mr. Upham. During this 
period, also, the first charters were granted in New-Hamp- 
shire, for the establishment of manufactories of cotton and 
woolen goods. December 8, 1808, Mr. Upham was chair- 
man of a committee, to be joined by others from the sen- 
ate, "to consider of the petition of John Smith, Esq., of 
Peterborough, and others, praying for the establishment of 
a cotton manufactory ;"* also, upon a joint committee on a 
resolution, which came down from the senate, "to take 
into consideration the propriety of affording encouragement 
to manufactures in general. "t The judicious and favorable 
course adopted by the committee resulted in the grant of 
various charters, which constituted the commencement of 
the present extensive manufacturing interest in New-Hamp- 
shire. By the first charters granted the capital stock was 
exempted from taxation for a term of years. 

He was also on the committee to whom was referred 
"the memorial of Philip Carrigain and Phinehas Merrill, 
respecting making an accurate map of the state. "| The 
committee reported in favor of a loan from the state, with 
certain other provisions, which enabled the petitioners to 
proceed with the enterprise. 1| In 1807 he voted for a grant 
of land to Dartmouth College, for the encouragement of 
that institution ; which, however, was negatived. Most of 
the individuals voting against a grant of land, voted in 
favor of a grant of a right of raising money for the college 
by lottery, to which Mr. Upham dissented. § It however 

* Journal of the House of Keprcsentatives of N. H. for 1808, p. 62. 

t Do. p. 6.5. I Do. 1807, p. 53. |! Do. p. 88. § Do. p. 57 and 58. 

Hon. George B. Upham, of Ciarcmont, N. H., of opposing politics to 
Mr. Upham, was a prominent memher of tlie Legislature for the years 
1807-8, and was elected Speaker of the House in 1809. 


passed. In 1SC9, his vote is recorded in favor of the grant 
founding tlie Medical Institution at Hanover. 

His political sentiments appear in various test questions 
in the legislature. He voted with most of his political 
friends against a state bank. June 3, 18C8, he was ap- 
pointed on the committee to draft an answer to His Excel- 
lency's address; and June 13, "to prepare an address to 
President Jefferson, who was then about retiring from office, 
expressing the views of the legislature of New-Hampshire 
relative to the measures recommended by the executive." 
The committee say, " We believe the President of the Unit- 
ed States wise, patriotic and faithful. We believe the 
objects of his administration, from the time of his eleva- 
tion to the Presidential chair until the present day, have 
been the honor and happiness of his country ; and we rest 
satisfied that, at the present crisis, the measures now pur- 
suing are founded in wisdom and the purest patriotism ; and 
are consistent with a regard to our own safety and honor, 
to a love of justice, and to a desire of peace with all na- 

In reference to our conduct as a nation, they say, " To- 
wards the belligerent powers, a conduct strictly neutral 
and impartial has been observed by the government of the 
United States. Against injuries, it remonstrated in a tone 
of amity and forbearance. It asked for justice ! And not 
until its sovereignty was attacked and the lives of its citi- 
zens wantonly sacrificed, did it raise its voice, and demand 
reparation for the past, and security for the future. The 
proclamations and orders of Britain, and the decrees of 
France, were substantial evidence that the rights of neu- 
trals were no longer to be respected. In this crisis, a 
measure was proposed, that in its consequences would re- 
quire the exercise of much virtue, but which was the only 


measure that could be adopted to save our extensive com- 
merce from the rapacious grasp of a piratical power, and 
our seamen-citizens from insults, slavery and death. The 
embargo acts, with the approbation of a large majority of 
the representatives of the nation, assembled in Congress, 
have become the laws of the land. We, sir, also approve 
them as the only means that could be devised to preserve 
our peace and safety. We will suffer any privation rather 
than submit to degradation, and will cooperate with the 
general government in all its measures."* 

The division on the acceptance of the address to the 
President, was 95 to 64. 

In the year 1811 Mr. Upham was unanimously nomi- 
nated, and in March elected, counselor to Gov. Langdon, 
in the place of flon. Mr. Dame, who had resigned. In 
1812 he was again elected to the same office, William 
Plumer being governor.! 

In 1813, on the passage of the act by Congress for direct 
taxation, Mr. Upham was appointed collector for the dis- 
trict in which he resided ; but, owing to his numerous en- 
gagements, he declined the office, and Mr. Madison, on his 
recommendation, immediately appointed Mr. Upliam's friend 
and neighbor, Ilatevil Knight, Esq. 

In 1814 he was nominated for Congress. The ticket was 

headed — 

" Free American Ticket. 

"Union of the States — Union of the People. No sub- 

* Journal of the House of lleprescntatives of ISTew-Hampshire, for 
1808, p. 35 and 75. 

t The first time that ])olitical power came into the hands of the re- 
publicans of New-Hampshire was in 1805, when their candidate, Lang- 
don, Avas elected governor. Tlie state was regained in 1809 by the 
federal party, and their candidate for governor, Jeremiah Smith, was 
elected by a small majority. It was recovered by the republicans the 
next year, and held till 1813, under governors Langdon and Plumer; 
was can-ied again by their opponents in 1814-15, under Oilman ; and 
regained by the republicans, in 1816, under Plumer. 


mission to British re-colonization. United, we stand — 
divided, we fall." 

Jolin F. I'aiTott. Portsmouth. Elisha Huntley, Marlow. 

Nathaniel Upham, Kochester. Stephen P. Webster, Ilaverliill. 

David L. IMorril, Gotlstown. Josiah Butler, Deci-field. 

The opposing ticket bore the names of 
Daniel Webster, William Hale, 

Bradbury Cilley, Roger Vose, 

Jeduthun Wilcox, Charles H. Atherton ; 

who were elected members of the 14th Congress ; which 
was the last triumph of that party in the state. 

While Nathaniel Upham with his party was sedulously 
striving at the ballot box and in the council halls to uphold 
the nation in her second war of freedom, his only brother, 
Timothy, was with the army of the frontier, to fight her 

Gen. Timothy Upham received his first appointment in 
the army, that of major, in March, 1812, and in July fol- 
lowing received his commission in the llth regiment of in- 
fantry. In June he was placed in command of the forts 
and harbor of Portsmouth, with the superintendence of the 
recruiting service, in a district composing the southern 
part of New-Hampshire and the county of York, in the 
State of Maine. 

In September he joined his regiment at Plattsburgh, 
N. Y. ; in November, advanced with the army to Cham- 
plain, on the Canada line ; from whence, after some severe 
skirmishing, and much suffering of the troops for want of 
suitable supplies of winter clothing, the army returned to 
Plattsburgh. The llth and some other regiments passed 
over to Burlington, and went into winter quarters. 

Major Upham was soon after ordered to Portland, to 
superintend the recruiting service in the state of Maine, 
and in part of New-Hampshire. In April, 1813, having, 
with the officers under his command, enlisted upwards of 


2000 men, and sent them forward to join their respective 
regiments, he repaired to Burlington with the winter cloth- 
ing of his regiment, the first they had received. There he 
received an order to select a battalion of 500 men from his 
regiment, and proceed with all possible despatch to Sacket's 
Harbor. This march was accomplished in fourteen days, 
with a heavy train of baggage fur the army, via Johns- 
town and the northern state road. He arrived there in 
May, and remained there and in the vicinity with his bat- 
talion until October ; when the army, then under the com- 
mand of Gen. Wilkinson, was embarked in boats, with 
orders to descend the St. Lawrence, and form a junction 
with the troops, then under the command of Gen. Hamp- 
ton, at some point on the St. Lawrence, above Montreal, 
with a view to a joint attack on that place. 

Major Upham had, in October, 1813, previous to leaving 
Sacket's Harbor, been promoted to lieutenant colonel of 
the 21st, Col. Miller's celebrated regiment ; but remained 
with his battalion of the 11th to the close of the campaign. 
In descending the St. Lawrence he had the command of 
one division of the boats, and passed the enemy's batteries 
at Fort Prescott, under a severe cannonade, with very 
trifling loss, and proceeded immediately down the river to 
the head of the Longue Saut, a rapid in the St. Lawrence, 
of several miles in extent. At this point the troops, with 
the exception of those required to manage the boats, pro- 
ceeded by land, leaving Col. Upham in his division of boats 
with about 300 men, selected from the several regiments 
which comprised the division. 

On arriviijg at Cornwall, below the rapids, it was ascer- 
tained that the enemy were following, with considerable 
force, and a flotilla of gun boats. In consequence of this 
information, Col. Upham now received orders to place his 



boats in safety, land his men, except a small guard for the 
boats, and hold them in readiness for such service as might 
be required. The main body of the army, under Gen. 
Brown, having proceeded down the river, the enemy com- 
menced an attack on its rear guard, under Gen. Covington, 
who, being hard pressed, Col. Upham was ordered to rein- 
force him. While advancing to execute this order, he met 
the general mortally wounded, who directed him to press 
forward and report himself to Gen. Boyd. 

On his arrival near the field of battle, known as Chryst- 
ler's Field, he met the troops retreating for want of ammu- 
nition, through the woods which skirted the field. Col. 
Upham was directed by Gen. Boyd to push forward and 
hold the enemy in check, until ammunition could be pro- 
cured from the boats. His division immediately engaged 
the enemy, and held them in check for nearly an hour, 
when he received orders to retreat, and embark his men on 
board the boats, w'hich he succeeded in doing, having 
effectually checked the enemy. 

His loss in this action, in killed and wounded, was large 
in proportion to the number engaged, being nearly one 
fifth of the whole. The boats then passed down the river, 
to take in a large detachment which had proceeded by 
land, and which had not been engaged. 

On arriving at the mouth of French Creek, information 
was received from Gen. Hampton that he was on his re- 
turn to Plattsburgh, having been somewhat severely handled 
by the enemy, in the neighborhood of Chateaugay,* and 
having fallen short of provisions. The object of the expe- 
dition was therefore defeated, and the army retired up 
French Creek, to a convenient place, and commenced 
building huts for winter quarters. 

* Lieut. Thomas, brother of .Judith Cogswell, wife of Hon. N. Up- 
ham, was killed in one of the skirmishes near Chateaugay. 


Col. Upham was now ordered to repair to the seaboard, 
on the recruiting service, in which duty he was employed 
until the July following, when he was ordered to join the 
21st regiment at Buffalo. On his arrival there, he found 
his regiment at Fort Erie, and he immediately crossed over 
and assumed its command. Fort Erie was at this time 
closely invested by a force double in number to the garri- 
son. After suffering severe loss by the cannonade and bom- 
bardment, which continued without interruption for nearly 
forty days, our troops having been reinforced by a brigade 
of New-York militia, it was determined to try the strength 
of the enemy by a sudden attack on their works. Accord- 
ingly, about the middle of September a sortie was made at 
noon ; the enemy's works all carried, and his guns spiked, 
before his reserve, which was encamped at some distance, 
could be brought up. Our troops then retired to the fort. 
In this action the loss of the enemy, in killed, wounded and 
prisoners, was over 600 men ; and our own was not much 
less, and included a large number of the higher grade of 
officers — being the most bloody action which was fought 
during the war, in proportion to the numbers engaged. The 
next day the enemy abandoned his works, and retreated 
towards Kingston. The regiment being much reduced, 
and Lieut. Col. Upham's health having become greatly im- 
paired, he was again ordered to the seaboard, and in- 
structed to report himself to Gen. Dearborn, at Boston. 

The command of the station at Portsmouth was assigned 
him, but his health was so severely affected he was unable, 
during the winter and for several months after, to leave his 
quarters. On the cessation of hostilities he resigned his 
command in the army, and in the spring of 1816 was ap- 
pointed by President Madison collector of the customs at 
Portsmouth, which office he continued to hold, under 


the appointment of Presidents Monroe and Adams, until 
1829. In 1819 he was appointed brigadier general of the 
1st brigade of N. H. militia; and in 1820, major-general 
of the Jst division. In 1841, he was appointed navy agent 
at Portsmouth, by President Harrison, which office he re- 
signed in the spring of 1845. 

To resume the history of Nathaniel Upham. The sons 
of New-Hampshire having returned from the war, the re- 
publican party readily regained its ascendency in the politi- 
cal contest of 1816, in that state. Their congressional 
ticket, which bore the names of Nathaniel Upham, John 
F. Parrott, Salma Hale, Clifton Clagett, Arthur Livermore 
and Josiah Butler, was elected by a large majority, mem- 
bers of the loth Congress — James Monroe having been 
chosen President. Mr. Upham took his seat in the House 
of Representatives at the opening of Congress, Monday, 
Dec. 1, 1807.* Henry Clay, of Kentucky, was chosen 
Speaker of the House, receiving 140 votes out of 147. The 
speaker commenced his address to the representatives in 
these words : " If we consider, gentlemen, the free and 
illustrious origin of this assembly ; the extent and magni- 
tude of the interests committed to its charge, and the bril- 
liant prospects of the rising confederacy, whose destiny 
may be materially affected by the legislation of Congress, 
the House of Representatives justly ranks among the most 
eminent deliberative bodies that have existed." In his 
annual message, which was transmitted to both Houses of 
Congress on the next day, the subject of Amelia Island 
was laid before them by the President. 

Amelia Island, at the mouth of St. Mary's river, near 

* Kiles' Register, Dec. 6, 1817. We are indebted to F. W. Upham, 
Esq., for the account of the poHtical life of Hon. N. Upham. 


the boundary of the state of Georgia, was taken possession 
of by an expedition of persons claiming to act under the 
authority of some of the Spanish colonies, which, at that 
time, were striving to establish their independence.* The 
expedition seems to have been a mere private, unauthorized 
adventure. The island was made a channel for the illicit 
introduction of slaves from Africa into the United States ; 
an asylum for fugitive slaves from the neighboring states ; 
and for banditti, privateer's men, and smugglers of various 
nations. A committee was appointed in reference to this 
subject, of which Mr. Upham was a member. 

The committee reported on the 9th of January in favor 
of efficient measures for suppressing the establishment; and 
said in their report, " The course pursued on this occasion 
will strongly mark the feelings and intentions of our gov- 
ernment on the great question of the slave trade, which is 
so justly considered by most civilized nations a practice 
repugnant to justice and humanity, and which, in our par- 
ticular case, is not less so to all the dictates of a sound 

On the 13th inst., the President, by a special message, 
informed Congress that the establishment at Amelia Island 
had been suppressed, " and the consummation of a project, 
fraught with much injury to the United States, prevented." 
The committee on Amelia Island also reported a bill, in 
addition to the former acts, prohibiting the introduction 
of slaves into the United States. 

On Friday, January 30, Mr. Upham voted against the 
bill making more ample provision for the recovery of fugi- 
tive slaves, which passed by a majority of fourteen votes. 

^ Monroe's Annual Messages; 1817 and 1818. 
Special message respecting Amelia Island, Jan. 13, 1817. 
Second special message " " March 26, 1817. 

Letter of John Quincy Adams to Don Louis de Onis, March 12, 


Among the most important of the votes which he gave 
during the session, were his vote, December 10, for the re- 
peal of internal duties ; on January oth, against reducing 
the pay of the members from nine dollars per day to six, 
and in favor of reducing it from nine to eight ; on January 
25th, for the rejection of a bill establishing a uniform system 
of bankruptcy throughout the United States, which was 
lost by a majority of 12. On March 14th he voted for the 
following resolution : Resolved, " That Congress has power 
under the constitution to appropriate money for the con- 
struction of post roads, military and other roads, and for 
the improvement of water-courses ;" which resolution 
passed by a vote of 90 against 75. 

President Monroe, on the 17th of Nov., 1818, transmitted 
his annual message to both Houses of Congress. Mr. 
Upham was appointed a member of the committee on the 
illicit introduction of slaves into the United States ; which 
committee, on the 13th of January, reported an act in ad- 
dition to the former acts, for the prohibition of the slave- 
trade ; and Congress passed a bill authorizing the employ- 
ment of the armed vessels of the United States to cruise 
on the coast of America, or on the coast of Africa, to en- 
force the acts of Congress prohibiting the slave trade. 

The question of the admission of Missouri into the Union 
being before the House of Representatives, on Tuesday, 
February 16th, Mr. Upham voted for the following amend- 
ment to the bill : " That the further introduction of slavery 
or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except for the pun- 
ishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been fully 
convicted," which passed by a vote of 87 to 76. 

On the I8th of February the House proceeded to con- 
sider a bill for the establishment of a separate territorial 
government in the southern part of the Missouri Territory — 


a territory which now constitutes the state of Arkansas. 
Mr. Taylor, of New-York, moved to amend the same by 
inserting the following proviso : " All children born of 
slaves within the said territory shall be free, but may be 
held to service until the age of 25 years ;" which amend- 
ment was carried by a vote of 75 to 73. A motion was 
afterwards made to recommit the bill, with instructions to 
the committee to amend by striking out that clause. The 
vote stood 88 to 88, and was decided in the affirmative by 
the Speaker. Mr. Upham voted against the bill as thus 
amended. It passed by a majority of two votes. 

During this second session of the fifteenth Congress the 
state of Illinois was declared admitted into the Union, and 
the President was authorized to take possession of Florida, 
agreeably to the treaty of the 22d of February, 1819. 

The fifteenth Congress of the United States ended on the 
3d of xMarch, 1819. 

The sixteenth Congress of the United States commenced 
on Monday, the 16th of Dec, 1819. During the second 
session of the fifteenth Congress, a bill providing for the 
admission of Missouri, which contained a clause prohibit- 
ing slavery in the proposed state, was passed by a vote of 
87 to 76. On Wednesday, the 1st of March, 1820, the 
House of Representatives again passed a similar bill by a 
vote of 91 to 82 ; for both of which bills Mr. Upham voted. 
The restriction as to slavery was stricken out, however, by 
the Senate, and the House, at a late hour of Thursday 
night, agreed to the amendment, by a vote of 90 to 87. Mr. 
Upham voted against this amended bill, which was passed 
by a majority of three only ; and had every member of the 
House been present and voted, it is believed the vote would 
have stood 92 to 92. This bill, as usual, provided for the 
admission of Missouri whenever she should frame a con- 
stitution acceptable to Congress. 


The second session of the sixteenth Congress opened on 
the 13th day of Dec, 1820. Mr. Clay having resigned the 
office of Speaker of the House of Representatives, it was 
not till the third day of an animated contest, and at the 
twenty-second balloting, that his place was filled. William 
Lowndes, a distinguished statesman of South-Carolina, re- 
ceived 42 votes, and John VV. Taylor 76, one vote more 
than was necessary for a choice, over all the other candi- 
dates, and was elected. During this contest Mr. Upham's 
influence was exerted with effectin favor of Mr. Taylor. 

The next day Mr. Lowndes, of the select committee to 
whom w^as referred the constitution formed for their gov- 
ernment by the people of Missouri, reported a resolve set- 
ting forth that Missouri had complied with the act of the 
6th of March, 1820, and formed a republican government, 
and declaring her admission into the Union. Then ensued 
a strife equally stormy with that which prevailed during the 
previous session, on this subject. On Wednesday, Dec. 
14th, the resolve for the admission " of Missouri into the 
Union was rejected, by a vote of 93 to 79. Finally, at 
the close of the session, Mr. Clay, from the joint committee, 
reported a resolve for the admission of Missouri, which 
passed by a vote of 87 to 81. 

During the whole of this long and exciting discussion, 
continued through three terms of Congress, and in which 
the public mind was interested to a degree without a prece- 
dent or example since, Mr. Upham's vote was throughout 
recorded against the extension of slavery. 

He also voted, during this session, for a resolve, intro- 
duced by Mr. Clay, that the House of Representatives 
would give its constitutional support to the President, when- 
ever he should deem it expedient to recognize the inde- 
pendence of the Spanish provinces of South America, 
which passed by a vote of 87 to 6S. While a member of 


this Congress, he also voted for the admission of Alabama 
and Maine into the Union. 

In 1821 Mr. Upham was elected representative for the 
third time, and thereby became member of the seventeenth 
Congress : that is, a member of the House for the sessions 
of 1821-22, 1822-23. There were but few subjects of 
importance or interest on which the seventeenth Congress 
was called to legislate. Nevertheless, on the 23d of Feb- 
ruary, 1823, on motion of Hon. Charles Fenton Mercer, 
then of Virginia, the following resolve was adopted by the 
House of Representatives : 

Resolved, That the President of the United States be 
requested to enter upon and prosecute, from time to time, 
such negotiations with the several maritime powers of Eu- 
rope and America, as he may deem expedient for the effect- 
ual abolition of the African slave trade, and its ultimate 
denunciation as piracy, under the laws of nations, hy the 
consent of the civilized world. 

This act was the fruit of much counsel and long delibera- 
tion, and was postponed from previous Congresses, to se- 
cure more unanimity, in order to give more solemn and 
imposing dignity to this national condemnation of the slave 
trade, and the appeals in consequence to be addressed to 
the civilized world. Many of the legislators who voted for 
this act regarded it as one of the most memorable transac- 
tions of their political lives. 

This measure, supported by Mr. Upham and by many 
other of the most patriotic and distinguished statesmen of 
that day, was passed, 131 members voting for the resolve, 
and only three against it. The Congress of the United 
States having thus, of all legislative bodies, assumed the 
initiative in this matter, exerted its influence with other 


countries so efficiently, that the slave trade was speedily 
declared piracy by the law of nations. 

The seventeenth Congress closed its session on the 3d 
day of March, \>'2S. Previous to this, Mr. Upham had 
declined being again a candidate for the office which he 
so honorably filled for the last six years; and, bidding adieu 
to Congress and public life, he returned to the quiet of his 
village and the bosom of his family. 

There were many reasons why Mr. Upham desired to 
withdraw from political life. His health, though naturally 
good, had been seriously injured by a southern climate, and 
by an attack of inflammatif n of the lungs while at Wash- 
ington, in the spring of 1S2U. He had, moreover, observed 
that causes were in operation which must |>roduce great 
and fundamental changes in the political aspect of the 
country : That events, to which the then existing parties 
owed their origin, were beginning to lose their power, and 
the progress of time was developing new interests, which 
would again convulse the state, and become the source of 
new political organizations. Mr. Upham had acted an im- 
portant part during one of these transition states of the 
republic, and knew well the violence of the struggles which 
accompany the change. Therefore, enfeebled in health, 
and needing repose, he determined to retire completely 
from public life, at a period when the political storm ^vas 
yet distant. 

The storm came, but Mr. Upham, personally acquainted 
with the candidates for the presidency, and clearly appre- 
ciating the principles v» hich they represented, chose rather 
by precept and example to calm the fury of political strife 
and soften the bitterness of party feeling, than to become 
personally engaged in the combat. He steadily pursued 
this course during the violent contest between Mr. Adams 


and Gen. Jackson. In every position in which he was 
placed he maintained, with dignity and skill, the ground 
which he had taken. 

In 1828, the year preceding his death, his son-in-law, 
Hon. David Barker, representative in Congress from the 
district previously represented by Mr, Upham, addressed 
the whigs assembled at Rochester, on the anniversary of 
our national independence. His address was an eloquent 
exposition of the position of parties at that time, and was 
followed by a public dinner, at which Mr. Upham presided. 
At this period political feeling was running high, and it 
was hoped that Mr. U. would take the occasion to designate 
his views in relation to the opposing parties. But this he 
skillfully avoided, and on rising contented hiuiself with 
offering the fallowing sentiment : " Our next President" — 
pausing a moment till the attention of all was excited — 
he continued, " May he be a man who shall reverence the 
constitution and the laws :" a sentiment which instantly 
commended itself to all present, and was received with 
bursts of applause. 

In his local duties as a citizen, Mr. Upham was especially 
active in devisiug good, and in his efforts for the prospec- 
tive improvement of society. Throughout his residence in 
Rochester he had taken a deep interest in the promotion 
of education, and especially in the prosperity of the village 
schools. He procured for them the best teachers, and in- 
duced many to educate their sons, who otherwise would 
not have d(me it ; and we may here remark that, in accord- 
ance with his views on this subject, five of his own children 
received a collegiate education. 

He was a firm and liberal supporter of religious institu- 
tions, a!id ministers of religion ever found a cordial wel- 
come at his home. He never united with the church. 


Truly consoling, however, were the hopes of his friends in 
his death. Some time previous to his decease, having re- 
ceived a visit from a clergyman, he requested that he would 
pray for him. " How shall I pray for you?" replied the 
minister. " Pray for me as a penitent sinner," was the an- 
swer — an answer ladened with hopes of heaven. 

Early in the summer of 1829 he was attacked with a 
bilious fever, followed by organic disease of the liver, 
which terminated his life on the morning of the 10th of 
July, 1829, being 55 years and one month old. His re- 
mains repose in the grave yard at Rochester. 

Mr. Upham was six feet four inches high,* well formed 
and perfectly erect : in middle age his hair was black, his 
forehead was high, his eye blue, his nose Roman, and com- 
plexion clear. Morse's celebrated picture of the House of 
Representatives, which was painted during Mr. Upham's 
service as a representative, contains an accurate likeness 
of him. 

Mr. Upham's character was such that, in whatever sphere 
he was called to act, he won the esteem of all who knew 
him. The distinguished statesman, Mr. Clay, thus ex- 

* In a short notice of Judge Meech, of Vermont, in the N. H. States- 
man of April 11th, 1845, drawn up by an associate in Congress, the 
following incident is related, showing the height of various gentlemen 
then in Congress. '• Dining with Hon. "William H. Cra'O'ford, Secre- 
tary of the Treasury, Gen. McNeil, of X. H., who was about six feet 
four inches in height, was present : looking around him, he obsen^ed 
there was a fine opportunity to form a company of grenadiers, and 
stepping to the centre of the room, invited them on to the line ; when 
Mr. Crawford stepped on, six feet and one half in height, or more : then 
Hon. Nathaniel Upham, member of the House from New-Hampshire, 
six feet and four or five inches : then the Vermont .Judge, a member of 
the House, about the same height : then Hon. Mr. Lowndes, member 
of the House from Virffinia. six feet and seven or eight inches : and I 
think Mr. Ball, from Virginia, and some others, to the number of eight 
or ten. The formation of this imposing company of Congi'essional 
grenadiers contributed much to the amusement of the party present." 


presses himself in a letter to Francis W. Upham, Esq., 
member of the Boston bar. 

" Ashland, 4th Sept., 1845. 
* * * * ****** 

" I recollect very well serving in the House with Mr. 
Upham, during the administration of Mr. Monroe, and I 
enjoyed his friendly esteem, which I fully reciprocated. 
He impressed me very favorably as an honorable, patriotic 
and sensible gentleman. He seldom spoke, but was dis- 
tinguished by sound judgment and great attention to his 
public duties. I lamented his death very much. * * * 

I am, with great respect, faithfully, your ob't servant, 

H. Clay. 

Francis W. Upham, Esq." 

Mr. Upham was endowed with strong reasoning powers, 
together with a remarkable quickness of perception. He 
was also distinguished for his strength of memory ; and 
would, to the last years of his life, repeat numerous texts, 
with prominent portions of discourses, which he had heard 
preached in his early youth. He was food of theological 
investigations, a taste for which he had early imbibed, in 
listening, at the fireside of his father, to discussions on 
doctrinal theology, so prevalent at that period. On all sub- 
jects he was a formidable adversary to encounter in argu- 
ment — an exercise to which he was naturally inclined, and 
which was peculiarly calculated to call out the powers of 
his intellect. It was a common remark that no one ever 
worsted him in debate; for, if he failed to convince the 
judgment, he was sure, by his wit, and skill at repartee, to 
win the applause of the audience. He possessed great 
foresight and sound judgment, and was distinguished for 
an untiring perseverance in whatever he undertook. He 
not onlv won the esteem, and was relied upon in a trying 


crisis in the country's history, as a leader among his own 
particular friends, and their favorite candidate for four 
successive Congresses, but he commanded equally the re- 
spect and regard of his political opponents. In all the 
relations of life his integrity was unimpeachable, and his 
death has left a void in community which has been most 
deeply lamented. 

The children of the Hon. Nathaniel and Judith Cogswell 
Upham, were — Thomas Cogswell, Al. Dart., 1818, and sub- 
sequently Prof of Mental and Moral Philosophy in Bowd. 
College ; Nathaniel Gookin,* Al. Dart., 1820, subsequently 
Judge of the Superior Court of the state of New-Hamp- 
shire, both of whom were born in Deerfield, N. H. ; Mary, 
relict of Hon. David Barker, Jr., and wife of Ebenezer 
Coe, Esq., of Northwood, N. H. ; Alfred, graduate of the 
Dartmouth Medical College, and practising physician in 
the city of New-York ; Timothy, graduate of Columbia 
Medical College, at Washington city, District of Colum- 
bia, died at Waterford, N. Y., August 7th, 1845; Joseph 
Badger, of Portsmouth, N. H., merchant ; Judith Almira, 
wife of James Bell, Esq., Counselor at Law, of Exeter, 
N. H. ; Hannah Elizabeth, who was born December 18th, 
1813, and died March 8th, 1814 ; Ruth Cogswell, wife of 
Dr. John M. Berry, of Somersworth, N. H. ; Francis 
William, Al. Bowdoin College, 183S, and member of 
the Boston Bar ; Albert Gallatin, Al. Bowdoin College, 
1840, and practising physician in Boston, Massachusetts, 
who were born in Rochester, N. H. 

* "We would acknowledge our ol>ligation to Hon. Nathaniel G. Up- 
ham, of Concord, N. H.; for valuable assistance in the present work. 


Mrs. Judith C. Upham, who survived her husband sev- 
eral years, was admitted to communion with the Congre- 
gational church in Rochester, May 8th, 1831. 

Her health, in the latter part of her life, had been feeble ; 
and several months before her death she had a slight and 
temporary paralysis of one side of the body, from which, 
however, she readily recovered. The Monday preceding 
her death she was sufficiently well to walk about the house 
with a little assistance ; but, on Wednesday, was attacked 
with vomiting, which was not checked until Saturday, when 
she sunk into a lethargic state, and died on Sunday morn- 
ing, the 30th of April, 1837. She was aged 61 years, I 
month and 4 days. 

Mrs. Upham was an only daughter, and the object of the 
love and pride of her parents and numerous brothers. Re- 
ceiving her education almost entirely in her father's house, 
which was situated in one of the most romantic towns in 
rS^ew-Hampshire, the domestic tendencies of her character 
were fully developed. At the same time, free to rove among 
the hills and beside the beautiful lakes that diversified the 
place of her birth, she unconsciously cultivated and im- 
proved a strong natural taste for the beautiful. 

Endowed with a large share of intellectual power, she 
fully appreciated and greatly admired the works of Addison, 
Goldsmith, Cowper and Beattie. The writings of Scott 
were very delightful to her, perhaps because he often and 
beautifully described natural scenes so similar to those 
which environed the home of her youth. 

Her father's house had been for her a school of benevo- 
lence,* in which she freely and readily learned the great 

=* Judge Cogswell was distinguished for his kindness and liberality ; 
it was his custom to slaughter an ox annually on Thanksgiving Day, to 
be given to the poor. 


lesson of love for all mankind ; and it was the deep and 
natural impulse of her heart to pity and relieve the poor 
and unfortunate. 

In the control of her household and in the parental edu- 
cation of her children, she was calm, dignified and benefi- 
cent. In stature, Mrs. Upham was five feet eleven inches 
high, her hair was dark brown, forehead high, nose Gre- 
cian, mouth small, eyes blue, complexion fair. Her form 
was full and well proportioned, and her voice peculiarly 

In retracing her features, we may quote the words of one 
of her sons, in reference to her. 

" How oft, in solitude's creative hour, 

Wlien thought and feeling own a quickened power. 

I sit in pensive silence and retrace 

Each well known feature, each attractive grace ; 

Her sQent grief, when those she loved went wrong .; 

Her smUe, her kindly words, her voice of song. 

All else may fail, all other joys may die, 

And leave the fount of hope and feeling dry ; 

But life nor death shall from my bosom tear 

A mother's looks, her kindness and her care." 


We conclude with a brief notice of deceased members 
of the family of Hon. Nathaniel Upham. 

Mary, eldest daughter of Mr. Upham, was married Oct. 
2, 1823, to Hon. David Barker, Jr., who has since deceased. 
David Barker, Jr., was the eldest son of Col. David Barker, 
and was born in Stratham, in the County of Rockingham, 
on the 8th of January, 1797. His father, soon after the 
birth of his son David, removed to Rochester, where he 
subsequently resided. In his eleventh year he placed his 
son at Phillips Academy, in Exeter, for the purpose of com- 
mencing his studies preparatory to entering College, and in 
1811 he entered Harvard College, being then in the four- 
teenth year of his age. He took his first degree in due 
course in 1815, with the high esteem of his instructors and 
classmates, and his second degree in 1819. After leaving 
College, he entered upon the study of law with the late 
John P. Hale, Esq., of Rochester, and in 1819 commenced 
the practice of law at that place. He died at Rochester 
on the first of April, 1834, in the 38th year of his age, 
leaving two children ; David, who died at the age of 13, 
and Mary. 

Mr, Barker was for several years a prominent member of 
the Legislature of New-Hampshire, and was in 1827 elected 
a representative of the twentieth Congress. He was a poli- 
tician of independent principles and of enlarged views. 
He was a ripe and finished scholar, and a sound, correct, 
and able lawyer. His promptness in all the duties of life ; 
his uncompromising integrity ; his unostentatious deport- 
ment and urbanity of manners, won the respect and esteem 


of all who knew him. In all the relations of life, he was a 
man his friends could bear least to part with. 

He was an original member of the New-Hampshire His- 
torical Society, and an interesting biographical notice of 
him was published in the 4th volume of the New-Hamp- 
shire Collections, drawn up by his pastor, the Rev. Isaac 

The sickness which terminated his life was long and se- 
vere. An interesting account is given by Mr. Willey of 
Mr. Barker's religious views and feelings, and he concludes 
with the following remarks in relation to him : " The ways 
of Providence are seldom more obscure than when such a 
man as Mr. Barker is removed from the world, when so 
eminently prepared to be useful in it. But we have reason 
to believe that what constitutes a preparation for the high- 
est usefulness here, is best suited to an entrance upon the 
enjoyments of the world above ; and the thought is incon- 
ceivably consoling to his friends, that he has reached the 
place of promised rest, where there shall be no more pain, 
nor sorrow, nor death, and is with Him who will wipe away 
all tears from every eye." 


Hon. Nathaniel Gookin Upham, second son of Nathan- 
iel Upham, of Rochester, was married to Betsey Watts 
Lord, on the 28th of October, 1829, at Kennebunk-port, 
Me., by the Rev. Samuel Johnson, of Saco. Miss Lord 
was the daughter of Nathaniel Lord, who was born in 
Wells, June 1, 1776, and Phebe Walker, born in Arundel, 


now Kennebunk-port, February 9th, 1781, who were united 
in marriage July 2d, 1797. Mr. Lord was successfully 
engaged in commerce at Kennebunk-port, until his decease, 
on the 24th February, 1815, at the early age of 39, leaving 
nine children. 

Betsey Watts Lord, (the seventh child,) was born 
March 23d, 1810. By the loss of her father she was left, 
in early life, to the kind care and watchfulness of her 
mother, who most faithfully discharged her trust. Her 
daughter, in a brief diary left relative to her religious expe- 
rience, thus refers to her early advantages : " Ever since 
my remembrance, I have received religious instruction from 
the life of a dear and pious mother. When it became ne- 
cessary, for the purpose of forwarding my education, to send 
me from under the parental roof, where her watchful eye 
could no longer behold me, it seemed her first wish to place 
me in the families and under the instruction of pious people. 
Truly it may be said of me, I was nurtured in the lap of 

She was, at various times while acquiring her education, 
at the institutions at Bradford, Newbury, Ipswich and Port- 
land, where her course was marked by uncommon intellect- 
ual progress. While at Portland she was in the family of 
Dr. Payson, and under his care and charge. 

At the age of thirteen she became deeply impressed with 
the subject of religion ; and, as appears by her own account, 
drew up resolutions in writing, " in order to peruse them, 
and thus keep the subject in mind." For some time, she 
remarks, " I remained a strict Pharisee, thinking by many 
prayers and tears to lay God under an obligation to pardon 
my sins. These impressions gradually wore off, until at 
last I determined to commit to the devouring element that 
paper which disturbed my peace. It was too mortifying to 


retain the proof that I had forgotten my God, and violated 
my own promise. Notwithstanding this attempt to forget 
that the subject had ever attracted my attention, I never 
could erase it from my mind ; it seemed to be written there 
as with a pen of iron, and my conscience pleaded guilty. 
I think I now see that these resolutions were formed in my 
own strength, instead of humbly relying on Him who is all 
powerful for assistance ; and I am often led to observe the 
goodness and forbearance of God, in not terminating my 
life while thus rejecting him." 

Under the date of Portland, Dec, 1826, she says, " un- 
mindful of the hand which so lately raised me from a sick 
bed, and restored me to perfect health, I came to this place 
expecting again to engage in pleasure, forgetful of the past ; 
but God, in his merciful Providence, has seen fit to arrest 
my steps, to show me that there is no real satisfaction in 
the pursuit of worldly pleasure, and has in some measure 
convinced me of my sinfulness ; above all, that great sin of 
INGRATITUDE, which has risen like a mountain to separate 
me from my God." 

Her religious anxiety continued for some time. She 
exclaims, " Oh ! God, help me to persevere in seeking ; rath- 
er would I remain with my present feelings until the close 
of life, than become careless and indifferent about my soul ! ! 
Rather would I be the poorest being on thy footstool, with 
love to Thee, than to possess worlds without Thee." 

On Monday eve she says, " unconscious of any change 
of feeling, I laid myself down upon my bed, to reflect, as 
usual, upon my sinful state by nature, and my ingratitude 
in rejecting a Saviour so long, when the thought suddenly 
rushed upon my mind, Jesus Christ is able and willing to 
forgive this and all other sins. From this time I could not 
feel the burthen of my sins, but when I endeavoured to re- 


call them, the passage would immediately arise, * Thy sins 
are forgiven thee.' This was a trying moment. Knowing 
in some degree the deceitfulnes of my heart, and the vari- 
ous methods which the Tempter takes to lead souls astray — 
to cry ' peace, peace, when God has not spoken peace' — 
I tried to banish the thoughts of pardon from my mind, to 
consider it a mere illusion, but the attempt was vain. I felt 
a peace within, a nearness to God, and the Saviour who died 
for me, which I never before experienced. I fell asleep, 
thinking, almost hoping, that I should feel my sins in the 
morning to be a burthen ; but in this I was disappointed ; 
my first thought was raised to God in thankfulness for his 
preserving care during the night." 

After much careful self-examination, and a delay of some 
months, she became united to the Congregational Church 
at Kennebunk-port, under the pastoral care of Rev. Joseph 
P. Fessenden, in the spring of 1827, being then 17 years 
of age ; and, during the brief period of her subsequent 
life, maintained a consistent Christian walk and example. 

She was married two years after this, and died at Con- 
cord, N. H.,on the 17th of August, 1833, aged 23 years, 
leaving two children, Elizabeth Lord, and Nathaniel Lord. 

Mrs. Upham never fully recovered from the illness conse- 
quent on the birth of her second child. In a brief obituary 
notice of her death at the time, it is said, "she had been 
sick of a long illness, but such were, from time to time, the 
encouraging circumstances of her case, it was not until a 
brief space previous to her death, that it became certain her 
disease must terminate fatally. Aware that she had not 
long to live, Mrs. Upham conversed fully and calmly on the 
subject of her death, imparting to all her friends such coun- 
sel as a dying Christian might give. Her death was the tri- 
umph of Christian fortitude and resignation, and her loss 
has occasioned a sensation which cannot soon be effaced." 


Mrs. Upham was distinguished for the beauty of her per- 
son and sweetness of expression. She was of medium 
height, of fair complexion, with a hazel eye, and usually 
bore the appearance of perfect health. She was remarka- 
ble for the appropriateness and fitness of all she said or did ; 
for her sincerity of purpose and fixedness of principle ; her 
justness and purity of thought ; her calm and dignified de- 
meanor ; and the warmth. and kindness of her affections — 
forming a harmonious blending of all that can dignify or 

She had a remarkably just taste in appreciating things for 
their true worth ; sound judgment and uncommon intellect ; 
and was a pattern in the discharge of every domestic duty. 

She moved through her short course in this world as in it, 
and of it, and yet above it ; taking an intense interest in 
her friends, loving and beloved, but yet with her eye fixed 
calmly and considerately on the joys of that world, lit up 
by the light of His countenance who was her Redeemer 
and Sanctifier. 

Her memory is silently garnered up in hearts who can 
never cease to be grateful that they sometime enjoyed her 
society, walked in the light of her countenance, and can 
commune with her as a spirit in bliss. 


Dr. Timothy Upham was bom at Rochester, March 15, 
1807. He studied medicine with Dr. Pierrepont, of Ports- 
mouth, and in the year ]S27 attended his first course of 
medical lectures at Bowdoin College. He completed his 
professional studies at Washington, with Prof. Sewall, and 
received his medical degree from Columbia College, D. C, 
in the spring of 1829. In the year 1830 he commenced 
the practice of medicine in Waterford, Saratoga county, 

In relation to him, Prof Sewall writes to his father, Hon. 
Nathaniel Upham, in 1829, "I have seldom met with a 
young man for whom I feel so deep an interest, or so strong 
an attachment, as for Dr. Upham ; for I have seldom met 
with one equally amiable, intelligent and promising. He 
held the first rank in his class during the lectures, and grad- 
uated with great eclat. From my intimate acquaintance 
with him I do not hesitate to say that I consider him one 
of the first young men in the country, and destined to hold 
a high rank in his profession." 

The hopes which his friends had formed of him were fast 
becoming realities. He had acquired the unlimited confi- 
dence of a numerous clientelle; had established a high lite- 
rary reputation ; had received the oflfer of the Chair of Anat- 
omy in one of the oldest and most respectable colleges in 
New-England ; had been chosen corresponding member of 
the Medical Section of the National Institute, and had won 
the love of all who knew him. 

Says Prof Sewall, in a letter to the author, dated Dec, 
1844, " He was one of the few medical men with whom I 


could hold communion with pleasure and with profit. He 
loved the science, and was always looking into its philoso- 
phy. I offered to resign part of my practice, if he would 
remove here, solely for the sake of his society." But 

" The spoiler came ; all; all his promise fair 
Has sought the grave, to sleep forever there." 

In the summer of 1843 he was attacked with cerebral 
disease, and, after a short illness, died at three, P. M., Mon- 
day, August 7th. 

His remains are interred in the Episcopal burying ground 
in Waterford, N. Y. 

The editor of one of our most celebrated periodicals — 
the Knickerbocker, for November, 1843, page 503 — 
speaking of a poetical effusion called the Exile's Song, re- 
marks, " The Exile's Song, in the present number, was in- 
closed in a letter from its author, A. McCraw, of Scotland, 
to the late lamented Dr. Timothy Upham, of Waterford, 
by whose wish it is now published. Dr. Upham was a gen- 
tleman of a highly distinguished family in New-Hampshire, 
whose mind led him to appreciate talent whenever and 
wherever he encountered it. Scientific and literary honors 
were tendered him from high scources previous to his de- 
mise ; but it pleased God to summon him to that heaven 
which is constantly enriching itself with the spoils of earth. 

Quis desiderio sit pudor aut modus 
Tam cari capitis." 



John, son of Lieut. Phineas Upham, was born on the 9th of Decem- 
ber, 1666, and is the person, as I presume, who married Abioail How- 
ard, October 31, 1688. He died June 9, 1733, and his tombstone is still 
standing in the old grave yard at Maklen. His wife died the 23d of 
Aug., 1717. Tlieir children were— Jolm, born March 20, 1690 ; Samuel, 
born' 25th Aug., 1691, (and probably several others ;) Abigail, April 12, 
1698; David,''May 6, 1702. 

Samuel, who was born August 2.5, 1691, married Maiy. Their chil- 
dren were — Marv, born 26th January, 1715-16 ; Abigail, born March 
6, 1717-8 ; Mercy, born January 19, 1721-2 ; Samuel, born 28th Sept., 
1722; Jonathan, born Sept. 16, 1724; Ebenezer, born July 8, 1726; 
Jacob, born 3d April, 1729 ; Phebe, born 6th April, 1731 ; John, born 
8th October, 1733 ; William, born 6th March, 1735. The latter three 
died young. 

Samuel, who was born Aug. 25, 1691, was, as I presume, great-grand- 
father of Hon. William Upham, present U. S. Senator from Vermont. 


Hon. Thomas Cogswell, the fourth of nineteen children, was born at 
Haverhill, Mass., August 4, 1746. He had thirteen brothers, of whom, 
however, five died young ; and five sisters, four of whom lived Init a 
short time. The united service in the Revolutionary Army of Mr. 
Cogswell and his brothers, amounted to forty years and some months 
— Csee N. H. Patriot of the 26th Dec, 1 836)— which is probably with- 
out a x>arallel in the countiy. 

February, 1769, Mr. Cogswell, aged 23, was married to his cousin, 
Ruth Badger, aged 18, in Gilmanton, N. H., tOAvhich place licr father 
had removed from Massachusetts, six years previous. He still con- 
tinued to reside in Haverhill after his marriage, engaged in various 


mercantile pui-snits. till the commencement of the Revolution. News 
having been received at Haverhill of the advance of the British on 
Lexinaton. a company of volunteers was immediately formed, at the 
head of which Mr. Cogswell was placed, and the marcli was to com- 
mence immediately. At this time, we are told that Mrs. C, who had 
given birth to a child the fortnight previous, which was then dead in 
tlie hou-e. lay j^rostrated by sickness, with two young children depend- 
ent upon her. It was no wonder, then, that when her husband entered 
the house, and in the silence wliich his feelings would not permit him 
to break, commenced taking down his arms, thereby giving her the first 
intimation of the long foreboded event, that the heart of the young 
vrife sank within her. Comprehending all in a moment, she exclaimed 
in anguish. " Must you go !" " It is better to die than be a slave," was 
the answer wning from a bleeding heart. Then the heroic wife and 
mother answered. " Go I" 

In a memorial to Congress, dated 1782, respecting his senices, he 
says, " I marched on the 19th of April. 1775, for Lexington, at the 
head of an hundred volunteers, and have been in the service of the 
United States ever since.'' 

"WTien 'Mrs. C. had so far recovered from her illness as to be able to 
travel, which was about the first of June, she was removed, for shelter 
and protection, to her father's, in Gilmanton. This journey of fifty 
miles she made on horseback, can-ying one child in her arms : the other, 
which was older, was left at Atkinson, vriih. her aunt, Mrs. Dr. Cogs- 
well. But when vrinter came, this child, whose name was Hannah, and 
but four years old. was taken sick — died, and was buried, before news 
of her illness could be carried to her mother, for she was far off, and 
the snows were dee]) and the roads impassable. 

I do not know if Captain Cogswell was at the battle of Bunker's 
Hill, but presume he was : at least, I find an order directed to him 
as the captain of a company lying at Prospect Hill, in Cambridge, 
dated June 21st. 1775, which "was the fourth day after the battle. His 
regiment was the 38th of foot, commanded by Lieut. Col. Bald-oin. It 
would appear, from various orders directed to him. as one dated Sept. 
20. and directed to him at SewelKs Point: one dated Nov. 28, 1775, 
and directed to him at Cambridge : and another dated ]\Iarch 18, 1776, 
directed to the same place, that he was with the army investing Boston, 
during the whole siege, and subsequent to its evacuation, which took 
place on the 17th of March. 1776. 

Soon after the evacuation of Boston, Washington made his head- 
qtiarters at New- York city, with the greater pait of his anny. at the 
same time the British troops were assembling at Long Island. We 
learn from various muster-rolls that Capt. Cogswell was in Col. Bald- 
win's regiment as late as the first of June: and we know, from an order 
dated June 18, 1776, that he was at that date in Xew-York. It would 
seem from the following pass, dated New- York, Sept. 11, 1776. that he 
was in the 26th regiment, under Gen. Glover : " Pennit Capt. Cogs- 
well, of the 26th regiment, to pa.^5 into the countiw for his health. John 
Glover, commandant of brigade." How long he was absent from the 
army I do not know: but. January 1. 1777, he received tlie commission 
of Major in the 1st Massachusetts regiment. I have not at present in 


my possession tlie papers Avhicli would indicate his movements during 
the years 1777 and '78, but lie continued with the army in the brigade 
of Gen. Glover, and was in most of the engagements in New-York 
and New-Jersey. 

I find a letter from Gen. Green, directed to him at NeAvton, near 
Boston, dated Feb. 3, 1779, and another from him to his brother, dated 
Providence, June 16, 1779. 

Sept. 6, 1779, he was appointed lieutenant colonel by the legislature 
of Massachusetts. The results of this appointment are made known 
in the following memorial : " To the Honorable the Continental Con- 
gress : The memorial of Major Thomas Cogswell, sheweth that he en- 
listed in the service of the United States on the 19th of April, 1775, 
with the command of a company in the line of Massachusetts. That 
the reduction of and the mode of raising regiments for the service from 
that state down to 1777, did not admit of any promotion of those 
officers who were retained in the service : That, at the beginning of 
1777, your memorialist received the appointment of major in the 1st 
Massachusetts regiment; and on the 6th of Sept., 1779, there was a 
vacancy of a lieutenant colonel in the 15th Massachusetts regiment : 
that your memorialist and the then Major Hull became competitors for 
that office: that, on Nov. 26th, 1779, your memorialist was appointed 
a lieutenant colonel by the authority of the state of Massachusetts ; at 
which time your memorialist and his competitor were present, and ex- 
amined respecting the premises : that, on the next day, Maj. Hull re- 
quested of the authorities of the state a re-hearing ; it was granted, and 
terminated a second time in favor of your memorialist ; who then re- 
paired to camp, took command of the 15th Massachusetts regiment, 
and was mustered as lieutenant colonel : That your memorialist's com- 
petitor kept up the dispute, and in Feb., 1780, on an ex parte hearing, 
obtained an appointment to the same office. The contention was still 
continued ; and, at the close of the year 1780, your memorialist, rather 
than continue a dispute which appeared to be injurious to the service, 
requested, in a letter to Brigadier Gen. Glover, to retire from the ser- 
vice, with the determination never to take on him any military com- 
mand whatever ; but, at the repeated solicitations of the quartermaster 
general, and at tlie request of many principal officers in the army, your 
memorialist accepted the office of waggon-master-general, and has con- 
tinued in it to this day. 

" Although there has a series of misfortunes attended your memo- 
rialist as to his rank, yet he flatters himself he is in possession of such 
documents as to convince Congress that he is not unworthy their no- 
tice ; and from the disposition that honorable body has ever shown to 
reward the deserving part of the army, he is induced to request Con- 
gress to take his particular circumstances under their consideration, 
and confirm to him his rank of lieutenant colonel, from the 6th of Sept., 
1779; and that the paymaster-general may sign his certificates for re- 
ceiving pay and commutation accordingly. And as in duty bound," &c. 

His appointment as lieutenant colonel is contained in the resolves of 
Massachusetts, for 1779-80, p. 143, § lxxxiv. " Resolve, for promoting 
several officers in the 15th battalion, raised by this state to serve in the 
Continental Ai-my, passed Nov. 26, 1779. Kesolved, that the follow- 


ing officers in the battalion raided by the state of Massachusetts, to 
serve in the Continental Army be, and they hereby are, appointed to 
the several ranks mentioned a^rainst their names, viz. : Andrew Peters, 
to be a lieutenant colonc-l in Col. Greaton"s rejriment ; Thomas Cogs- 
well, heutenant colonel in Col. Bigelow's regiment," &c. TMs was a 
regiment in Gen. Glovers brigade. The form of commission contains 
the following : " You are, therefore, carefully and diligently to dis- 
charge the duty of lieutenant colonel, &c., for which this shall be your 
sutficient warrant, till you shall receive a commission in the manner 
and form pointed out by the resolves of Congress of March 8th, and 
June 28th, 1779." 

On page 144, of the same volume, we find the following : Resolved, 
that a letter of the following form he signed by the President, and sent 
to Gen. Heath : " State of Massachusetts Bay. Council Chamber, Bos- 
ton, Xov. 26th, 1779. Sir: Application ha%-ing been made to fill up 
several vacancies in the battalions of this state ; in consequence there- 
of we have given Maj. Cogswell a warrant as lieutenant colonel in the 
regiment commanded by Col. Bigelow ; since which Ave find, by exam- 
ining the rank of officers in the ]Slassachusetts line, that Major Hull 
takes rank of Maj. Cogswell, but we don't find Maj. Hull's name in the 
list of officers appointee! by the state, (he was from Connecticut.) and 
Major Cogswell being the first captain who received a commission in 
the year 1775 : and having, moreover, been com.missioned by this court 
as raajor the 1st of January-. 1777, we think he ought to take rank of 
Major Hull, which we hope will meet with your approbation, and be 
satisfactory to the officers of this state. In the name and behalf of the 
General Assembly," «S;c'. 

The third document which we would present in relation to this sub- 
ject, is found on page 14.5 of the same volume, and numbered xcii. 
" Report on the petition of Maj. Hull — accepted Nov. 27th, 1779. The 
committee of both Houses, appointed to consider the petition of Wm, 
Hull; major of the 8th Massachusetts regiment, wherein the said Hull 
claims rank in priority of "Maj. Cogswell, have attended to the service 
assigned them, and are of opinion that ]\Iajor CogSAvell ought to rank 
before IVIajor Hull, agreeably to the report of the committee of the 
26th inst. for the reasons mentioned in said report.'' 

Regardless of these decisions, ISIajor Hull continued to disturb the 
armv and the legislature by his applications on this subject, till at last, 
by an ex jxirta hearinjr. in the absence of ilajor CogsAvell. he obtained 
the ap7>ointment. Under these circumstances, Maj. C. wishing, fii-st of 
alL to presen-e the discipline and order of the army, resigned his com- 
mission. The elevation of Major Hull, against repeated decisions in 
favor of the claims of a brave and faithful officer, tended ultimately to 
render his fall more disgraceful. As General of the army of the fron- 
tier in the last war, he surrendered the army without a blow, and was' 
fried, and cashiered for coAvardice and treacherj'. 

At the earnest request of Gen. Glover, of Col. Timothy Pickering, 
and his brother officers. Major Cogswell was induced, after having re- 
gigned his commission, to accept, on the 13th Sept., 1780, an office in 
the c-ommLssariat department, second in rank to Col. Pickering. This 
position he retained till Jan. 15, 1784. 


On the disbanding of the army, Col. Pickering; wi-otc him the fol- 
lowing letter, dated 

" Newbiirgh, Jan. 14, 1784. 

" Dear Sir : The great object of our warfare being accomplished, and 
the army disbanded, yom- services as waggon-master-general ceases to- 
moiTow. Be pleased to accept my sincere thanks for the judicious and 
effectual assistance you have given me at all times in the execution of 
yoiu' office, and your readiness to lend your aid in all services of my 
department. I wish you eveiy success in yom- life, and remain, with 
much esteem, dear sir, 

Your friend, and most obedient servant, 

Timothy Pickering, 
Quartermaster General. 

Major Thomas Cogswell." 

It would seem that ]\Iajor Cogswell was highly esteemed and beloved 
by his brethren in anus ; and Washington, speaking of him, in a letter 
dated New-Windsor, Jan. 7, 1781, says, "Major Cogswell has been al- 
ways represented to me as an intelligent, brave and active officer." 

Having retired from the anu}' to Gilmanton, N. H., he was made 
judge of the court of common pleas, which he continued to hold till 
his death. {Ain. Quarterly Register^ vol. 12, p. 42.) This event occurred 
on Monday, the 3d of Sept., 1810, in the 64th year of his age. Mrs. 
Cogsw^ell survived her husband many years. She died Oct. 15, 1839, 
aged 88. They were buried in the old grave yard at Gilmanton. Their 
childi-en were eleven in number — eight of whom attained mature age. 
Two of them were graduates of Dartmouth College. Three of them 
were officers in the last war. 


We are indebted for the following note to J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., 
of Boston. 

=* Arnold Gookin, of Kent, England, had a son Thomas, who resided 
at Bekesborne, in the same county, and who mamed the daughter and 
heir of Durant. Their son, John Gookin, of Repplecourt, married 
Katharine, sister of Vincent Denne, ll. d., and daughter of William, 
of Kingston, a descendant in the seventeenth generation from Eobert 
de Den, or de Dene, who held large estates in Sussex, in the times of 
Edward the Confessor, 1041. Their children were — Thomas, whose 
daughter, Catharine, married AVilliam Warren, of Repplecourt. in 1619 ; 
John, a barrister at law ; Daniel, who married Miriam, daughter of 

Eichard Bud, s. t. r. ; and Vincent, who mamed Wood. It is 

supposed that this Vincent is the knight i-eferrcd to in the follo"s\ing 
letter from t William Penn, foimder of Pennsylvania, dated London, 
28th, 7th mo., 1708. " Now, my dear friends, as to outward things, I have 

* Berry's Kent Genealogies, p. 113. Burke's Commoners, 
t Proud's Hist, of Pennsylvania, vol. 2— note to pages 4 and 5. 



sent a new g:overnor of years' experience ; of a quiet, easy temper, that I 
hope will ffivc oftence to none, nor too easily put up ^vith any. if offered 
him. without hope of amendment. &c. He is sober, understandeth to 
command and obey, and of what they call a good family, liis grand- 
fiither, Sir Vincent Gookin, having Ijcen an early great planter in Ire- 
land, in king James the first and the first Charles' days.'' 

Charles Gookin. tlie governor referred to in this' document, was a 
kinsman of Kev. Nathaniel, a grandson of Maj. Gen. Daniel Gookin, 
as appears by certain letters from the governor to the Rev. Xathaniel 
Gookin. in one of which, dated Philadelphia. Xov. 28, 1709, he says — 
" I assure you that the account you gave me of that part of our family 
settled in America, was exti-emely satisfactoiy * =* *. The spring will 
be a time of some leisure with me : I mean from the beginning of March 
to the last of April. I purpose, God willing, to pass some part of that 
time with you and others, our relations at Boston," &c. In a second 
letter of the governor to Eev. Xathaniel Gookin. dated Oct. 22d. 1710, 
he says — " By letters from Ireland I am informed two of our relations 
are lately dead, viz. : Robert Gookin. son of my uncle Robert ; and 
Augustine Gookin, eldest son of my uncle Chai'les, &:c. &c. 
" Dear coss., your ver}- affectionate kinsman and servant, 

" Chas. Gookik. 

" To the Rev. ^Ir. Xath. Gookin, 

" at Hampton, Xew-Hampshii-e." 

It thus appears, that if the conjecture concerning Vincent Gookin 
is con-ect, Mi-s. Hannah Upham. mother of the Hon. Nathaniel Upham, 
and daughter of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin. 3d, and gi-eat-grand-daughter 
of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, to whom the above lettei-s were addressed, 
was a descendant of Arnold Gookin, of Kent, England. See Gene- 
alogy of the Gookin family, ante p. 45. 

By his mothers side. Rev. Nathaniel Gookin was a descendant of the 
Cottons, and Governors Bradstreet and Dudley. His wife, Dorothy 
Cotton, was a daughter of Rev. John Cotton. Al.Hai-vard. 1678 : or- 
dained at Hampton, 1690; obit. March, 1710. aged 52 ; who married 
Mary Lake, the daughter of Capt. Thomas Lake, who was killed by 
the Indians in Maine. Aug. 14, 1676. 

Rev. John Cotton was the son of Rev. Seaborn Cotton, (bom at sea,) 
and married Dorothy Bradstreet, June 14, 1654. Al. Harv., 1651 : or- 
dained at Hampton,'l660 : obit. 1685, aged 53. He was the son of Rev. 
John Cotton, who was bom in Derby, England. Dec. 4, 1585 : came to 
Boston, 1633 : obit. Dec. 23, 1652, aged 67. He mamed Sarah Story, 
who deceased !May 27, 1676, and was the son of Roland Cotton, of 
Derby, England. 

Dorothy Bradstreet, who married Eev. John Cotton, first above 
named, was the daughter of Simon Bradstreet, bom at HorbHn. Eng- 
land, 1603. Governor of Massachusetts from 1679 to 1686, and from 
1689 to 1692. Obit. March 27, 1697, aged 94. He married Anne 
Dudley — oltit. Sept. 16, 1672— who was the daughter of Thomas Dud- 
lev, bora at Northampton. England, in 1576. Governor of Massachu- 
setts in the years 1634. '40 and '45. Obit. July 31, 1653, aged 77 ; who 
was the son of Capt. Robert Dudley, a descendant of the Duke of 



The following; charade, addressed by Col. Mountain, of the British 
army, to Miss Elizaheth, daughter of *Hon. Joshua Upham, a maiden 
lady, who died in April, 1844, aged 74, with a reply, by Miss Upham, 
we annex as an interesting jeu cVesprit. 

To get my Jh^st a sluggard 's loth ; 

To get my next a g-lutton 's glad ; 
Happy is he who gets them both. 

But jewels are not cheaply had. 


YoWiJirst, " I guess," is to get up, 

And on your next, when sliced, we sup, 

United both will name a lady, 

Who — long since passed her youthful heyday — 

Unenvied now upon the shelf 

Lays soberly, beside her self. 

The meii, I grant, have wanted spirit, 
To pass a jewel of such merit ! 
For this mistake I must not fret. 
But patient wait to be new set 
In that good place where wedlock ceases, 
And woman's bliss perhaps increases. 
FredeMcton, March 11th, 1817. 

Information is desired in relation to the following points : 

The birth place of John Upham. 

The date of the birth and death of his wife, Elizabeth. 

Date of the marriage of Phineas, son of the Lieutenant, and Mary 
Mellins — supposed to be in the year 1682 or 3. 

Date of her death, which was subsequent to November, 1720. 

Date of the birth of Phineas Upham, 3d — supposed to be in 1683 — 
and the date of his death, supposed to be in 1766. 

Any facts, concerning the individuals mentioned in this family his- 
tory, will be gratefully received. 

* For an interesting notice of Hon. Joshua Upham, late Judge of tlie highest 
court in New-Brunswick, in addition to references, ante p. 29, see " Address 
before the members of the Bar of Worcester county, by Joseph Hilliard. Esq.," 
1829, and May No. of the American Quarterly Register of 1841, p. 413. 



John Upham, born in England, 
in the rear 1597 ; died in Maiden, 
Mass., Eeb. 25, 1681, aged 84. 

Lieut. Phineas Upham,bom 1636 ; 

Deac. Phineas Upham, born 2?d 
May. 1659 ; died October 19, 1720, 
aged 62. 

Phineas Upham, bom 1683 ; died 

Timothy Upham, bom 29th Au- 
gust, 1710; died July 3d, 1781, 
aged 71. 

Elizabeth [Webb '(] died pre\aous 
to August, 1671. 

Ruth Wood, bom 1636-7; died 
Jan. 18,1696-7, aged 60. 

Mary Mellins was living in Nov. 

Tamzen Hill, born Dec. 1 1 , 1 685 : 
died 24th Apiil, 1768, aged 83. 

Mary Cheever, of Lynn ; bora 
Api-il 10, 1720 ; died April 22, 1801, 
ased 80. 

Rev. Timothy Upham, bom Feb. 
20, 1748. Al. Harvard, 1768 ; or- 
dained at Deerfield, 1772 ; died 
Feb. 21, 1811, aged 63. 

Hannah Gookin, bom at North- 
Hampton, April 22, 1754 ; died 
Aug. 4, 1797. 

Hon. Nathaniel Upham, 
bom June 9, 1774. Married Judith Cogswell, 22dMarch, 1798 ; mem- 
ber of the 15th, 16th and l7th Congresses, from 1817 to 1823: died 
July 10, 1829, aged 55. 

Page 13, 13th line, for " Prescott" read Croswdl. 
" omit line 23. 

14, 20th line, for " eight^'' read seren, and for " nme," read 
" 25th Hne, for " 1605," read 1705. 
" " omit line 32. 

27, 7th line, for " November ^^^ read December. 
'■ 34, 25th line, for " James^'' read Mary., 2d. 


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